Reference : Attitudes towards personhood in the locked-in syndrome: from third- to first- person ...
Scientific journals : Article
Arts & humanities : Philosophy & ethics
Attitudes towards personhood in the locked-in syndrome: from third- to first- person perspective and interpersonal significance
Nizzi, Marie-Christine [Harvard University > Psychology > > >]
Blandin, Veronique [Association du Locked In Syndrome, France > > > >]
Demertzi, Athina mailto [Université de Liège - ULiège > > GIGA-Consciousness > >]
In press
[en] Personhood is ascribed on others, such that someone who is recognized to be a person is bestowed with certain civils rights and the right to decision-making. A rising question is how severely brain-injured patients who regain consciousness can also regain their personhood. The case of patients with locked-in syndrome (LIS) is illustrative to this matter. Upon restoration of consciousness, patients with LIS find themselves in a state of profound demolition of their bodily functions. From the third-person perspective, it can be expected that LIS patients might experience a differential personal identity and maybe lose their status of persons. However, from the patients’ standpoint, it is uncontested that they retain their personal identity and they consider themselves as persons. We here assist this perspective by including self-reports from patients with LIS aimed at identifying the primary expectations of patients for their care by non-medical professionals. Based on these first-hand reports, we argue that personhood in LIS is progressively regained as the widening circle of others recognizes them as persons.

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