Reference : Watching pollution with sentinel species. How participative biomonitoring can become ...
Scientific congresses and symposiums : Unpublished conference/Abstract
Social & behavioral sciences, psychology : Multidisciplinary, general & others
Watching pollution with sentinel species. How participative biomonitoring can become cosmopolitical experiments
[fr] La surveillence de la pollution de l'eau par les espèces sentinelles. Comment un biomonitoring peut devenir une expérience cosmopolitique
Melard, François mailto [Université de Liège - ULiège > Département des sciences sociales > Département des sciences sociales >]
Gramaglia, Christelle mailto [IRSTEA - Montpellier > Unité mixte de recherche «Gestion de l’eau, acteurs et usages» > > >]
RGS-IBG Annual International Conference
28-31 août 2018
Royal Geographical Society
[en] pollution ; citizen science ; environmental monitoring ; bioindication ; sentinel species ; multispecies relations ; cosmopolitics
[en] Following a heated local controversy about the construction of a waste incinerator in the Fos-sur-Mer industrial area near Marseille (France), residents pointed to the lack of knowledge about the industry’s cumulative impacts on their health and environment. With the help of some of their elected representatives, a citizen-based organization, IECP (or the Ecocitizen Institute for Knowing Pollution), were created. An Institute whose aim is to develop independent yet situated scientific research on the chronic effects of pollution. The objective of this communication is to examine the work accomplished by the IECP so that ‘undone science’ (Frickel et al. 2010) about pollution and its impacts gets done through taking care of the specificity of this highly industrialised place. We focus on two participatory biomonitoring experiments aiming at documenting atmospheric pollution (with lichens) and marine pollution (with conger fish) in the Fos-sur-Mer area. In these experiments, scientists working for the IECP negotiated together with committed residents and volunteers which species could give them the most accurate, also locally relevant, account of the state of their territory (Gramaglia, Dauphin 2017). Elaborating on actor-network theory, we discuss the abilities of previously “insignificant others” to become highly significant ones (Haraway 2008) as their skills in detecting of early sign of environmental damage are proven right. We argue that this constitutes a cosmopolitical experiment too (Stengers 2010) as humans’ everyday experience and understanding of the world is transformed subsequently. We conclude on the need for further multispecies ethnography (Kirksey, Helmreich, 2010) to elaborate tactics to cope with pollution and elaborate “arts of living” in the anthropocene (Tsing et al. 2017).
Unité de recherche SPHERE - ULiège
F.R.S.-FNRS - Fonds de la Recherche Scientifique
Researchers ; Professionals ; Students ; Others
Cette communication repose sur un article en cours de reviewing dans la revue STS: Science, Technology & Human Value. A paraître en 2018.

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