Reference : Effets des gènes FLOWERING LOCUS T (FT) et TWIN SISTER OF FT (TSF) sur le développeme...
Dissertations and theses : Doctoral thesis
Life sciences : Biochemistry, biophysics & molecular biology
Life sciences : Phytobiology (plant sciences, forestry, mycology...)
http://hdl.handle.net/2268/223203
Effets des gènes FLOWERING LOCUS T (FT) et TWIN SISTER OF FT (TSF) sur le développement racinaire d’Arabidopsis thaliana
French
[en] Effects of the genes FLOWERING LOCUS T (FT) et TWIN SISTER OF FT (TSF) on root development in Arabidopsis thaliana
Mathieu, Laura mailto [Université de Liège - ULiège > > > Doct. sc. (bioch., biol. mol.&cell., bioinf.&mod.-Bologne)]
27-Mar-2018
Université de Liège, ​Liège, ​​Belgique
Docteur en biochimie, biologie moléculaire et cellulaire, bioinformatique et modélisation
208
Périlleux, Claire mailto
Dommes, Jacques mailto
Hanikenne, Marc mailto
Delaplace, Pierre mailto
Draye, Xavier mailto
Mouille, Grégory mailto
Parizot, Boris mailto
[en] flowering ; root
[en] Flowering is a critical step in plant development. It is induced by various signals
produced in response to environmental and endogenous cues, such as photoperiod,
temperature or plant age. A master flowering signal is the FLOWERING LOCUS T (FT)
protein, which is produced in the leaves and transported through the phloem toward
the shoot apical meristem, where it triggers the morphogenesis switch. The biological
question examined in this thesis is whether the systemic effect of FT encompasses the
roots, coordinating their growth with the aerial part. We used the model species
Arabidopsis thaliana (L.) Heynh., where FT shares its function with a paralog, TWIN
SISTER OF FT (TSF).
In the first part of our work, we designed a hydroponic rhizotron device suitable for
growing adult plants of Arabidopsis: Rhizoponics. Using this setup, we observed that
a photoperiodic treatment that induces flowering of Col-0 wild type plants also
promotes development of the root system. However, this increase also occurs in ft-10
tsf-1 double mutant, thus independently of FT and TSF proteins.
In the second part of our work, we analyzed the organization and maintenance of the
root apical meristem, and the branching of primary root. Experiments were performed
with ft-10 tsf-1 and 35S:FT seedlings grown in vitro, using several reporter genes to
study auxin signaling and transport.
We observed a higher number of distal stem cell layers in primary root columella of
the ft-10 tsf-1 mutant and an increased branching of the primary root in the 35S:FT
line. These results suggest that FT/TSF promote cell differentiation at root tip and
priming of lateral roots, two processes that are regulated by auxin.
We confirmed, using pDR5:GUS and pDR5:GFP reporter genes, that FT/TSF interfere
with auxin homeostasis at the primary root tip. The most intriguing result is the
absence of the auxin efflux carrier PIN3 in the columella of the primary root in the ft-
10 tsf-1 mutant. This phenotype could not be explained neither by transcriptional
repression of PIN3 nor by protein endocytosis. We analyzed different processes where
PIN3 modulates auxin flux to induce tissue differential growth, such as gravitropism,
phototropism and apical hook development. We observed that the responses of the
35S:FT seedlings were slightly accentuated compared to Col-0, suggesting PIN3
activation by FT.All together, our results indicate that the systemic proteins FT/TSF have an effect on auxin signaling in root tip and could stimulate root branching at floral transition.
Biological Sciences from Molecules to Systems - inBioS
Fonds pour la formation à la Recherche dans l'Industrie et dans l'Agriculture (Communauté française de Belgique) - FRIA
Researchers
http://hdl.handle.net/2268/223203

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