Voltage correlation; clustering; constrained k- means clustering; phase identification; smart meter; three-phase distribution network
[en] When a smart meter, be it single-phase or threephase, is connected to a three-phase network, the phase(s) to which it is connected is (are) initially not known. This means that each of its measurements is not uniquely associated with a phase of the distribution network. This phase information is important because it can be used by Distribution System Operators to take actions in order to have a network that is more balanced.
In this work, the correlation between the voltage measurements of the smart meters is used to identify the phases. To do so, the constrained k-means clustering method is first introduced as a reference, as it has been previously used for phase identification. A novel, automatic and effective method is then proposed to overcome the main drawback of the constrained k-means clustering, and improve the quality of the clustering. Indeed, it takes into account the underlying structure of the low-voltage distribution networks beneath the voltage measurements without a priori knowledge on the topology of the network. Both methods are analysed with real measurements from a distribution network in Belgium. The proposed algorithm shows superior performance in different settings, e.g. when the ratio of single-phase over three- phase meters in the network is high, when the period over which the voltages are averaged is longer than one minute, etc.
Author, co-author :
Olivier, Frédéric ; Université de Liège - ULiège > Dép. d'électric., électron. et informat. (Inst.Montefiore) > Smart grids
Sutera, Antonio ; Université de Liège - ULiège > Dép. d'électric., électron. et informat. (Inst.Montefiore) > Algorith. des syst. en interaction avec le monde physique
Geurts, Pierre ; Université de Liège - ULiège > Dép. d'électric., électron. et informat. (Inst.Montefiore) > Algorith. des syst. en interaction avec le monde physique
Fonteneau, Raphaël ; Université de Liège - ULiège > Dép. d'électric., électron. et informat. (Inst.Montefiore) > Dép. d'électric., électron. et informat. (Inst.Montefiore)
Ernst, Damien ; Université de Liège - ULiège > Dép. d'électric., électron. et informat. (Inst.Montefiore) > Smart grids
Phase Identification of Smart Meters by Clustering Voltage Measurements
Publication date :
Event name :
XX Power Systems Computation Conference (PSCC 2018)
Event place :
Event date :
from 11-06-2018 to 15-06-2018
Main work title :
Proceedings of the XX Power Systems Computation Conference (PSCC 2018)
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