Reference : How private are Europe’s private forests? A comparative property rights analysis
Scientific journals : Article
Life sciences : Phytobiology (plant sciences, forestry, mycology...)
Life sciences : Agriculture & agronomy
How private are Europe’s private forests? A comparative property rights analysis
Nichiforel, L. []
Keary, K. []
Deuffic, P. []
Weiss, G. []
Thorsen, B.J. []
Winkel, G. []
Avdibegovic, M. []
Dobsinska, Z. []
Feliciano, D. []
Gatto, P. []
Mifsud, G.E. []
Hoogstra-Klein, M. []
Hrib, M. []
Hujala, T. []
Jager, L. []
Jarsky, V. []
Jodlowski, K. []
Lawrence, A. []
Lukmine, D. []
Malovrh, S.P. []
Nedeljkovic, J. []
Nonic, D. []
Ostoic, S.K. []
Pukall, K. []
Rondeux, Jacques mailto [Université de Liège - ULiège > Ingénierie des biosystèmes (Biose) > Gestion des ressources forestières et des milieux naturels >]
Samara, T. []
Sarvasova, Z. []
Scriban, R.E. []
Silingiene, R. []
Sinko, M. []
Stojanovska, M. []
Stojanovski, V. []
Stoyanov, N. []
Teder, M. []
Vennesland, B. []
Vilkriste, L. []
Wilhelmsson, E. []
Wilkes-Allemann, J. []
Bouriaud, L. []
Land Use Policy
Yes (verified by ORBi)
[en] Property rights Index ; Private forests ; Europe ; Comparative analysis ; Forest management
[en] Private forests are widespread in Europe providing a range of ecosystem services of significant value to society, and there are calls for novel policies to enhance their provision and to face the challenges of environmental changes. Such policies need to acknowledge the importance of private forests, and importantly they need to be based on a deep understanding of how property rights held by private forest owners vary across Europe. We collected and analysed data on the content of property rights based on formal legal requirements existing in 31 European jurisdictions. To allow a comparison across jurisdictions, we constructed an original Property Rights Index for Forestry encompassing five rights domains (access, withdrawal, management, exclusion and alienation). We documented substantial variation of the private forest owners’ rights, and notably to i) make decisions in operational management and the formulation of management goals, ii) withdraw timber resources from their forest, and iii) exclude others from the use of forest resources. We identified broad relations between the scope for decision making of private forest owners and jurisdictions’ former socio-political background and geographical distribution. The variation in the content of property rights has implications for the implementation of international environmental policies, and stresses the need for tailored policy instruments, when addressing European society’s rural development, the bioeconomy, climate change mitigation measures and nature protection strategies.
Researchers ; Professionals
This is an open access article ( under the CC BY license (
Corresponding author at: University Stefan cel Mare Suceava, Universitatii 13, 720225, Suceava, Romania.
E-mail address: (L. Nichiforel).

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