Reference : The XXL Survey: I. Scientific motivations - XMM-Newton observing plan - Follow-up obs...
Scientific journals : Article
Physical, chemical, mathematical & earth Sciences : Space science, astronomy & astrophysics
http://hdl.handle.net/2268/218196
The XXL Survey: I. Scientific motivations - XMM-Newton observing plan - Follow-up observations and simulation programme
English
Pierre, M. [Service d’Astrophysique AIM, DSM / IRFU / SAp, CEA-Saclay, F-91191 Gif sur Yvette > > > >]
Pacaud, F. [Argelander Institut für Astronomie, Universität Bonn, Bonn, Germany]
Adami, C. [Université Aix-Marseille, CNRS, LAM (Laboratoire d'Astrophysique de Marseille), UMR 7326, Marseille, France]
Alis, S. [Laboratoire Lagrange, UMR 7293, Université de Nice Sophia Antipolis, CNRS, Observatoire de la Côte d'Azur, Nice, France, Department of Astronomy and Space Sciences, Faculty of Science, Istanbul University, Istanbul, Turkey]
Altieri, B. [European Space Astronomy Centre (ESA/ESAC), Operations Department, Villanueva de la Cañada, Madrid, Spain]
Baran, N. [Department of Physics, University of Zagreb, Bijenička cesta 32, Zagreb, Croatia]
Benoist, C. [Laboratoire Lagrange, UMR 7293, Université de Nice Sophia Antipolis, CNRS, Observatoire de la Côte d'Azur, Nice, France]
Birkinshaw, M. [H.H. Wills Physics Laboratory, University of Bristol, Tyndall Avenue, Bristol, United Kingdom]
Bongiorno, A. [INAF-Osservatorio Astronomico di Roma, via Frascati 33, Monteporzio Catone, Roma, Italy]
Bremer, M. N. [H.H. Wills Physics Laboratory, University of Bristol, Tyndall Avenue, Bristol, United Kingdom]
Brusa, M. [Dipartimento di Fisica e Astronomia, Università di Bologna, viale Berti Pichat 6/2, Bologna, Italy, INAF-Osservatorio Astronomico di Bologna, via Ranzani 1, Bologna, Italy]
Butler, A. [International Centre for Radio Astronomy Research, M468, University of Western Australia, Crawley, WA, Australia]
Ciliegi, P. [INAF-Osservatorio Astronomico di Bologna, via Ranzani 1, Bologna, Italy]
Chiappetti, L. [INAF, IASF Milano, via Bassini 15, Milano, Italy]
Clerc, N. [Max Planck Institut für Extraterrestrische Physik, Giessenbachstrasse 1, Garching bei München, Germany]
Corasaniti, P. S. [Laboratoire Univers et Théories (LUTh), CNRS, Observatoire de Paris, Université Paris Diderot, 5 place Jules Janssen, Meudon, France]
Coupon, J. [Department of Astronomy, University of Geneva, Ch. d'Écogia 16, Versoix, Switzerland]
De Breuck, C. [European Southern Observatory, Garching, Germany]
Democles, J. [School of Physics and Astronomy, University of Birmingham, Birmingham, United Kingdom]
Desai, S. [Ludwig Maximilian Universität, München, Germany]
Delhaize, J. [Department of Physics, University of Zagreb, Bijenička cesta 32, Zagreb, Croatia]
Devriendt, J. [Astrophysics, University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom]
Dubois, Y. [Sorbonne Universit ́es, UPMC Univ Paris 06, UMR 7095, Instit ut d’Astrophysique de Paris, F-75005, Paris, France > CNRS, UMR 7095, Institut d’Astrophysique de Paris, 98 bis Bo ulevard Arago, F-75014, Paris > > >]
Eckert, D. [Department of Astronomy, University of Geneva, Ch. d'Écogia 16, Versoix, Switzerland]
Elyiv, A. [INAF-Osservatorio Astronomico di Bologna, via Ranzani 1, Bologna, Italy]
Ettori, S. [INAF-Osservatorio Astronomico di Bologna, via Ranzani 1, Bologna, Italy, INFN, Sezione di Bologna, viale Berti Pichat 6/2, Bologna, Italy]
Evrard, A. [Departments of Physics and Astronomy, Michigan Center for Theoretical Physics, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI, United States]
Faccioli, L. [Service d'Astrophysique AIM, DSM/IRFU/SAp, CEA-Saclay, Gif-sur-Yvette, France]
Farahi, A. [Departments of Physics and Astronomy, Michigan Center for Theoretical Physics, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI, United States]
Ferrari, C. [Laboratoire Lagrange, UMR 7293, Université de Nice Sophia Antipolis, CNRS, Observatoire de la Côte d'Azur, Nice, France]
Finet, F. [Extragalactic Astrophysics and Space Observations (AEOS), University of Liège, Allee du 6 Aout, 17 (Sart Tilman, Bat. B5c), Liège, Belgium, Aryabhatta Research Institute of Observational Sciences (ARIES), Manora Peak, Nainita, Uttarakhand, India]
Fotopoulou, S. [Department of Astronomy, University of Geneva, Ch. d'Écogia 16, Versoix, Switzerland]
Fourmanoit, N. [Department of Astronomy, University of Geneva, Ch. d'Écogia 16, Versoix, Switzerland]
Gandhi, P. [Department of Physics, Durham University, South Road, Durham, United Kingdom]
Gastaldello, F. [INAF, IASF Milano, via Bassini 15, Milano, Italy]
Gastaud, R. [DSM/IRFU/SEDI, CEA-Saclay, Gif-sur-Yvette, France]
Georgantopoulos, I. [IAASARS, National Observatory of Athens, Penteli, Greece]
Giles, P. [H.H. Wills Physics Laboratory, University of Bristol, Tyndall Avenue, Bristol, United Kingdom]
Guennou, L. [University of Kwazulu-Natal, South Africa, IAS, Université de Paris-Sud, Orsay Cedex, France]
Guglielmo, V. [INAF-Astronomical Observatory of Padova, Italy]
Horellou, C. [Dept. of Earth and Space Sciences, Chalmers University of Technology, Onsala Space Observatory, Onsala, Sweden]
Husband, K. [H.H. Wills Physics Laboratory, University of Bristol, Tyndall Avenue, Bristol, United Kingdom]
Huynh, M. [International Centre for Radio Astronomy Research, M468, University of Western Australia, Crawley, WA, Australia]
Iovino, A. [INAF-OAB, Brera, Italy]
Kilbinger, M. [Service d'Astrophysique AIM, DSM/IRFU/SAp, CEA-Saclay, Gif-sur-Yvette, France]
Koulouridis, E. [Service d'Astrophysique AIM, DSM/IRFU/SAp, CEA-Saclay, Gif-sur-Yvette, France, IAASARS, National Observatory of Athens, Penteli, Greece]
Lavoie, S. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Victoria, 3800 Finnerty Road, Victoria, BC, Canada]
Le Brun, A. [Service d’Astrophysique AIM, DSM / IRFU / SAp, CEA-Saclay, F-91191 Gif sur Yvette > Astrophysics Research Institute, Liverpool John Moores Un iversity, 146 Brownlow Hill, Liverpool L3 5RF, UK > > >]
Le Fevre, J. P. [DSM/IRFU/SEDI, CEA-Saclay, Gif-sur-Yvette, France]
Lidman, C. [Australian Astronomical Observatory, Epping, North Ryde, NSW, Australia]
Lieu, M. [School of Physics and Astronomy, University of Birmingham, Birmingham, United Kingdom]
Lin, C. A. [Service d'Astrophysique AIM, DSM/IRFU/SAp, CEA-Saclay, Gif-sur-Yvette, France]
Mantz, A. [Department of Astronomy and Astrophysics, University of Chicago, 5640 South Ellis Avenue, Chicago, IL, United States]
Maughan, B. J. [H.H. Wills Physics Laboratory, University of Bristol, Tyndall Avenue, Bristol, United Kingdom]
Maurogordato, S. [Laboratoire Lagrange, UMR 7293, Université de Nice Sophia Antipolis, CNRS, Observatoire de la Côte d'Azur, Nice, France]
McCarthy, I. G. [Astrophysics Research Institute, Liverpool John Moores University, 146 Brownlow Hill, Liverpool, United Kingdom]
McGee, S. [School of Physics and Astronomy, University of Birmingham, Birmingham, United Kingdom]
Melin, J. B. [DSM/IRFU/SPP, CEA-Saclay, Gif-sur-Yvette, France]
Melnyk, O. [Astronomical Observatory, Taras Shevshenko National University of Kyiv, Ukraine, Department of Physics, University of Zagreb, Bijenička cesta 32, Zagreb, Croatia]
Menanteau, F. [University of Illinois, United States]
Novak, M. [Department of Physics, University of Zagreb, Bijenička cesta 32, Zagreb, Croatia]
Paltani, S. [Department of Astronomy, University of Geneva, Ch. d'Écogia 16, Versoix, Switzerland]
Plionis, M. [IAASARS, National Observatory of Athens, Penteli, Greece, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Physics Department, Thessaloniki, Greece, Instituto Nacional de Astrofìsica Óptica y Electrónica, AP 51 y 216, Puebla, Mexico]
Poggianti, B. M. [INAF-Astronomical Observatory of Padova, Italy]
Pomarede, D. [DSM/IRFU/SEDI, CEA-Saclay, Gif-sur-Yvette, France]
Pompei, E. [European Southern Observatory, Alonso de Cordova 3107, Vitacura, Santiago de Chile, Chile]
Ponman, T. J. [School of Physics and Astronomy, University of Birmingham, Birmingham, United Kingdom]
Ramos-Ceja, M. E. [Argelander Institut für Astronomie, Universität Bonn, Bonn, Germany]
Ranalli, P. [IAASARS, National Observatory of Athens, Penteli, Greece]
Rapetti, D. [Dark Cosmology Centre, Niels Bohr Institute, University of Copenhagen, Juliane Maries Vej 30, Copenhagen, Denmark]
Raychaudury, S. [Faculty of Natural and Mathematical Sciences, Department of Physics, Presidency University, 86/1 College Street, (Calcutta), Kolkata, India]
Reiprich, T. H. [Argelander Institut für Astronomie, Universität Bonn, Bonn, Germany]
Rottgering, H. [Leiden Observatory, Netherlands]
Rozo, E. [SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory, United States]
Rykoff, E. [SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory, United States]
Sadibekova, T. [Service d'Astrophysique AIM, DSM/IRFU/SAp, CEA-Saclay, Gif-sur-Yvette, France]
Santos, J. [INAF-Osservatorio Astrofisico di Arcetri, Largo Enrico Fermi 5, Firenze, Italy]
Sauvageot, J. L. [Service d'Astrophysique AIM, DSM/IRFU/SAp, CEA-Saclay, Gif-sur-Yvette, France]
Schimd, C. [Université Aix-Marseille, CNRS, LAM (Laboratoire d'Astrophysique de Marseille), UMR 7326, Marseille, France]
Sereno, M. [Dipartimento di Fisica e Astronomia, Università di Bologna, viale Berti Pichat 6/2, Bologna, Italy, INAF-Osservatorio Astronomico di Bologna, via Ranzani 1, Bologna, Italy]
Smith, G. P. [School of Physics and Astronomy, University of Birmingham, Birmingham, United Kingdom]
Smolčić, V. [Department of Physics, University of Zagreb, Bijenička cesta 32, Zagreb, Croatia]
Snowden, S. [Code 662, NASA, Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, MD, United States]
Spergel, D. [Princeton University, United States]
Stanford, S. [University of California, Davis, CA, United States]
Surdej, Jean mailto [Université de Liège - ULiège > Département d'astrophys., géophysique et océanographie (AGO) > Département d'astrophys., géophysique et océanographie (AGO) >]
Valageas, P. [Institut de Physique Théorique, CEA, Saclay, France]
Valotti, A. [Service d'Astrophysique AIM, DSM/IRFU/SAp, CEA-Saclay, Gif-sur-Yvette, France]
Valtchanov, I. [European Space Astronomy Centre (ESA/ESAC), Operations Department, Villanueva de la Cañada, Madrid, Spain]
Vignali, C. [Dipartimento di Fisica e Astronomia, Università di Bologna, viale Berti Pichat 6/2, Bologna, Italy]
Willis, J. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Victoria, 3800 Finnerty Road, Victoria, BC, Canada]
Ziparo, F. [School of Physics and Astronomy, University of Birmingham, Birmingham, United Kingdom]
2016
Astronomy and Astrophysics
EDP Sciences
592
Yes (verified by ORBi)
International
0004-6361
1432-0746
[en] Large-scale structure of Universe ; Surveys ; X-rays: galaxies: clusters ; X-rays: general ; Astrophysics ; Cosmology ; Equations of state ; Galaxies ; Photons ; Quality control ; Surveying ; Active galactic nuclei ; Cosmological parameters ; Electromagnetic spectra ; International consortium ; Large scale structure of universe ; Space time distribution ; X rays: galaxies: clusters
[en] Context. The quest for the cosmological parameters that describe our universe continues to motivate the scientific community to undertake very large survey initiatives across the electromagnetic spectrum. Over the past two decades, the Chandra and XMM-Newton observatories have supported numerous studies of X-ray-selected clusters of galaxies, active galactic nuclei (AGNs), and the X-ray background. The present paper is the first in a series reporting results of the XXL-XMM survey; it comes at a time when the Planck mission results are being finalised. Aims. We present the XXL Survey, the largest XMM programme totaling some 6.9 Ms to date and involving an international consortium of roughly 100 members. The XXL Survey covers two extragalactic areas of 25 deg2 each at a point-source sensitivity of ∼5 × 10-15 erg s-1 cm-2 in the [0.5-2] keV band (completeness limit). The survey's main goals are to provide constraints on the dark energy equation of state from the space-time distribution of clusters of galaxies and to serve as a pathfinder for future, wide-area X-ray missions. We review science objectives, including cluster studies, AGN evolution, and large-scale structure, that are being conducted with the support of approximately 30 follow-up programmes. Methods. We describe the 542 XMM observations along with the associated multi-λ and numerical simulation programmes. We give a detailed account of the X-ray processing steps and describe innovative tools being developed for the cosmological analysis. Results. The paper provides a thorough evaluation of the X-ray data, including quality controls, photon statistics, exposure and background maps, and sky coverage. Source catalogue construction and multi-λ associations are briefly described. This material will be the basis for the calculation of the cluster and AGN selection functions, critical elements of the cosmological and science analyses. Conclusions. The XXL multi-λ data set will have a unique lasting legacy value for cosmological and extragalactic studies and will serve as a calibration resource for future dark energy studies with clusters and other X-ray selected sources. With the present article, we release the XMM XXL photon and smoothed images along with the corresponding exposure maps. © ESO, 2016.
CNES, Centre National d'Etudes Spatiales; DNRF, Danish National Research Foundation; NASA, National Aeronautics and Space Administration
Researchers ; Professionals
http://hdl.handle.net/2268/218196
10.1051/0004-6361/201526766

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