Reference : High-resolution simulations of natural and agricultural ecosystems over Belgium with ...
Scientific congresses and symposiums : Unpublished conference/Abstract
Physical, chemical, mathematical & earth Sciences : Earth sciences & physical geography
http://hdl.handle.net/2268/218049
High-resolution simulations of natural and agricultural ecosystems over Belgium with the CARAIB Dynamic Vegetation Model
English
Jacquemin, Ingrid mailto [Université de Liège - ULiège > > SPHERES >]
Dury, Marie mailto [Université de Liège - ULiège > Département d'astrophys., géophysique et océanographie (AGO) > Modélisation du climat et des cycles biogéochimiques >]
Henrot, Alexandra-Jane mailto [Université de Liège - ULiège > Département d'astrophys., géophysique et océanographie (AGO) > Modélisation du climat et des cycles biogéochimiques >]
Beckers, Veronique [Université de Namur - UNamur > Géographie > > >]
Berckmans, Julie [Institut Royal Météorologique - IRM > > > >]
Dendoncker, Nicolas [Université de Namur - UNamur > Géographie > > >]
Hamdi, Rafiq [Institut Royal Météorologique - IRM > > > >]
Hambuckers, Alain mailto [Université de Liège - ULiège > Département de Biologie, Ecologie et Evolution > Biologie du comportement - Ethologie et psychologie animale >]
Tychon, Bernard mailto [Université de Liège - ULiège > DER Sc. et gest. de l'environnement (Arlon Campus Environ.) > Eau, Environnement, Développement >]
François, Louis mailto [Université de Liège - ULiège > Département d'astrophys., géophysique et océanographie (AGO) > Modélisation du climat et des cycles biogéochimiques >]
17-Nov-2017
No
No
International
7th Belgium geography day
17 novembre 2017
Département de Géographie - Université de Liège
Liège
Belgique
[en] Modelling ; Dynamic Vegetation Model ; Crop ; Belgium
[en] CARAIB (for CARbon Assimilation In the Biosphere) is a state-of-the-art dynamic vegetation model (DVM), initially designed to study the role of the vegetation in the global carbon cycle and the vegetation behavior as a function of climate and soil. Motivated by the requirements of ecosystem management and land use planning studies, CARAIB was recently improved so as to deal with both natural and agricultural ecosystems and at a high resolution of 1km over Belgium. A new module, for crops and meadows, was added in the model, which deals with the specific processes (phenology) and management (sowing, harvesting,…) of these ecosystems. The spatial and temporal validation was carried out with different data sources : agricultural statistics, eddy-covariance site, field measurements,… The addition of the crop module has led to the improvement of the surface scheme, from now on including dynamic land use and land cover information.

As well as describes the evolution of physical and biological processes, CARAIB has become an interesting tool to assess the sustainability under climate change of the ecological systems, in particular by the approach of the ecosystem goods and services. Indeed, if some model outputs can be directly read as quantitative indicators of ecosystem services (e.g. carbon sequestration), we have translated some of them to get, e.g., the crop yield (from net primary productivity) or an estimation of the soil erosion for simulation at the parcel level (from runoff and parcels characteristics).

But whether an ecosystem services or land use planning studies, the crucial point for CARAIB is the landscape dynamics, which is not considered by the model, in the absence of anthropogenic, economic and societal factors in the system. In order to overcome this lack, CARAIB is now coupled with an agent-based model (ABM), to compose a land surface dynamics (LSD) module. The productivity and growth of natural and managed vegetation is given by the DVM to the ABM, which determines the shifts in land use and land cover. The LSD module is able to represent the mutual interactions between ecological and socio-economic systems and thus, to assess the sustainability of the different climate and socio-economic scenarios tested.
BELSPO - SPP Politique scientifique - Service Public Fédéral de Programmation Politique scientifique
MASC
Researchers ; Professionals ; Students
http://hdl.handle.net/2268/218049

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