Reference : Quality of life perception by inmates in the Central Prison of Mbuji-Mayi, Democratic...
Scientific journals : Article
Human health sciences : Public health, health care sciences & services
Quality of life perception by inmates in the Central Prison of Mbuji-Mayi, Democratic Republique of Congo
Kalonji, Muasa Patoka mailto [Université de Liège - ULiège > > > Form. doct. sc. santé publique]
Okenge Ngongo, Leon []
Ilunga Ilunga, Félicien []
Albert, Adelin mailto [Université de Liège - ULiège > Département des sciences de la santé publique > Département des sciences de la santé publique >]
Giet, Didier mailto [Université de Liège - ULiège > > IFRES >]
International Journal of Medecal Research & Health Sciences
[en] quality of life ; imprisonment ; jail ; DRC
[en] Summary
Introduction: In developing countries, quality of prison life remains a challenge in public health. The present study aimed at determining the quality of life as perceived by inmates during their imprisonment at the Central Prison of Mbuji-Mayi, Democratic Republic of Congo.

Materials and Methods: This cross-sectional study was carried out over a 3-month period (between December 2015 and February 2016) at the Central Prison of Mbuji-Mayi. Three hundred inmates participated to the survey. The World Health Organisation Quality of Life Scale (WHOQOL-BREF) was used to estimate health and problems affecting inmates’ everyday life.

Results: Mean age of inmates was 33 ± 10 years (range: 18-70 years) and most of them were male (88.7%). The quality of life score they estimated was below 50, on the WHOQOL-BREF scale weighted over 100 points (average overall score: 26±7). When considering each WHOQOL-BREF domain, the lowest scores (0-100 normalised scale) were registered for: perception of physical health (24±11), psychological health (18±8), social relationship (39±15) and environmental relationships (24±8). Overall, inmates aged over 30 years old presented an average score slightly lower than younger inmates (25±6 vs. 27±7; p=0.005). Depending on the length of incarceration, the average score was lower for inmates imprisoned for more than 6 months compared to others (26±6 vs. 28 ± 8; p= 0.015). Correlations between domain scores were low but statistically significant; no correlation was highlighted between environment and mental health domains.

Conclusion: Most inmates considered their quality of life as negative, regardless of the WHOQOL-BREF domain. Efforts to improve quality of life should remain a priority for political authorities.
Researchers ; Professionals ; Students ; General public
Les conditions de détentions dans les pays en voie de développement restent un problème du pouvoir public et des responsables de santé.

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