Reference : Outlining face processing skills of portrait artists: Performance reflects perceptual...
Scientific journals : Article
Social & behavioral sciences, psychology : Theoretical & cognitive psychology
Outlining face processing skills of portrait artists: Performance reflects perceptual experience with faces.
Devue, Christel [Victoria University of Wellington > School of Psychology > > > >]
Barsics, Catherine mailto [Université de Genève - UNIGE > Centre Interfacultaire en Sciences Affectives > Unité de Psychopathologie et de Neuropsychologie Cognitive > >]
Vision Research
Elsevier Science
Yes (verified by ORBi)
[en] drawing ; portrait artists ; face expertise ; face perception ; face recognition ; visual art ; voice recognition
[en] Most humans seem to demonstrate astonishingly high levels of skill in face processing if one considers the sophisticated level of fine-tuned discrimination that face recognition requires. However, numerous studies now indicate that the ability to process faces is not as fundamental as once thought and that performance can range from despairingly poor to extraordinarily high across people. Here we studied people who are super-specialists of faces, namely portrait artists, to examine how their specific visual experience with faces relates to a range of face processing skills (perceptual discrimination, short- and longer term recognition). Artists show better perceptual discrimination and, to some extent, recognition of newly learned faces than controls. They are also more accurate on other perceptual tasks (i.e., involving non-face stimuli or mental rotation). By contrast, artists do not display an advantage compared to controls on longer term face recognition (i.e., famous faces) nor on person recognition from other sensorial modalities (i.e., voices). Finally, the face inversion effect exists in artists and controls and is not modulated by artistic practice. Advantages in face processing for artists thus seem to closely mirror perceptual and visual short term memory skills involved in portraiture.
Fonds de la Recherche Scientifique (Communauté française de Belgique) - F.R.S.-FNRS
Researchers ; Professionals ; Students ; General public

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