Article (Scientific journals)
Isotopic composition of nitrogen species in groundwater under agricultural areas: A review
Nikolenko, Olha; Jurado Elices, Anna; Borges, Alberto et al.
2017In Science of the Total Environment
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Keywords :
groundwater pollution; stable isotope analysis; N isotopes; N anthropogenic sources; N cycle processes; agriculture
Abstract :
[en] This work reviews applications of stable isotope analysis to the studies of transport and transformation of N species in groundwater under agricultural areas. It summarizes evidence regarding factors affecting the isotopic composition of NO3−, NH4+ and N2O in subsurface, and discusses the use of 11B, 18O, 13C, 34S, 87Sr/86Sr isotopes to support the analysis of δ15N values. The isotopic composition of NO3−, NH4+ and N2O varies depending on their sources and dynamics of N cycle processes. The reported δ15N-NO3− values for sources of NO3− are: soil organic N – +3‰–+8‰, mineral fertilizers – −8‰–+7‰; manure/household waste – +5‰ to +35‰. For NH4+ sources, the isotopic signature ranges are: organic matter – +2.4–+4.1‰, rainwater – −13.4–+2.3‰, mineral fertilizers –−7.4–+5.1‰, householdwaste –+5–+9‰; animalmanure–+8–+11‰. ForN2O, isotopic composition depends on isotopic signatures of substrate pools and reaction rates. δ15Nvalues of NO3− are influenced by fractionation effects occurring during denitrification (ɛ=5–40‰), nitrification (ɛ=5–35‰) and DNRA (ɛ not reported). The isotopic signature of NH4+ is also affected by nitrification and DNRA as well as mineralization (ɛ=1‰), sorption (ɛ=1–8‰), anammox (ɛ=4.3–7.4‰) and volatilization (ɛ=25‰). As for theN2O, production of N2O leads to its depletion in 15N, whereas consumption – to enrichment in 15N. The magnitude of fractionation effects occurring during the considered processes depends on temperature, pH, DO, C/NO3− ratio, size of the substrate pool, availability of electron donors, water content in subsoil, residence time, land use, hydrogeology. While previous studies have accumulated rich data on isotopic composition of NO3− in groundwater, evidence remains scarce in the cases of NH4+ and N2O. Further research is required to consider variability of δ15N-NH4+ and δ15N-N2O in groundwater across agricultural ecosystems.
Research center :
UEE - Urban and Environmental Engineering - ULiège
FOCUS - Freshwater and OCeanic science Unit of reSearch - ULiège
Disciplines :
Geological, petroleum & mining engineering
Earth sciences & physical geography
Author, co-author :
Nikolenko, Olha ;  Université de Liège - ULiège > Département ArGEnCo > Hydrogéologie & Géologie de l'environnement
Jurado Elices, Anna ;  Université de Liège - ULiège > Département ArGEnCo > Hydrogéologie & Géologie de l'environnement
Borges, Alberto  ;  Université de Liège - ULiège > Département d'astrophys., géophysique et océanographie (AGO) > Chemical Oceanography Unit (AGO)
Knöller, Kay;  UFZ Helmholtz - Centre for Environmental Research > Department of Catchment Hydrology
Brouyère, Serge  ;  Université de Liège - ULiège > Département ArGEnCo > Hydrogéologie & Géologie de l'environnement
Language :
English
Title :
Isotopic composition of nitrogen species in groundwater under agricultural areas: A review
Publication date :
October 2017
Journal title :
Science of the Total Environment
ISSN :
0048-9697
eISSN :
1879-1026
Publisher :
Elsevier Science, Amsterdam, Netherlands
Pages :
-
Peer reviewed :
Peer Reviewed verified by ORBi
European Projects :
H2020 - 675120 - INSPIRATION - Managing soil and groundwater impacts from agriculture for sustainable intensification
Name of the research project :
H2020 ITN INSPIRATION
Funders :
DG RDT - Commission Européenne. Direction Générale de la Recherche et de l'Innovation [BE]
CE - Commission Européenne [BE]
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since 24 October 2017

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