Reference : Evaluating Model Simulations of Twentieth-Century Sea Level Rise. Part 2: Regional Se...
Scientific journals : Article
Physical, chemical, mathematical & earth Sciences : Earth sciences & physical geography
http://hdl.handle.net/2268/213876
Evaluating Model Simulations of Twentieth-Century Sea Level Rise. Part 2: Regional Sea-Level Changes
English
Meyssignac, B. [> >]
Slangen, A. [> >]
Melet, A. [> >]
Church, J. [> >]
Fettweis, Xavier mailto [Université de Liège > Département de géographie > Climatologie et Topoclimatologie >]
Marzeion, B. [> >]
Agosta, Cécile mailto [Université de Liège > Département de géographie > Climatologie et Topoclimatologie >]
Ligtenberg, S. [> >]
Spada, G. [> >]
Richter, K. [> >]
Palmer, M. [> >]
Roberts, C. [> >]
Champollion, N. [> >]
29-Aug-2017
Journal of Climate
American Meteorological Society
in press
Yes (verified by ORBi)
International
0894-8755
1520-0442
[en] Twentieth century regional sea-level changes are estimated from 12 climate models from the 5th phase of the Climate Model Intercomparison Project (CMIP5). The output of the CMIP5 climate model simulations were used to calculate the global and regional sea-level changes associated with dynamic sea level, atmospheric loading, glacier mass changes and ice sheet surface mass balance contributions. The contribution from groundwater depletion, reservoir storage and dynamic ice sheet mass changes are estimated from observations as they are not simulated by climate models. All contributions are summed, including the GIA contribution, and compared to observational estimates from 27 tide gauge records over the twentieth century (1900-2015). We find a general agreement between the simulated sea level and tide gauge records in terms of inter-annual to multi-decadal variability over 1900-2015. But climate models tend to systematically underestimate the observed sea-level trends, particularly in the first half of the 20th century. The corrections based on attributable biases between observations and models that have been identified in the part-1-paper, result in an improved explanation of the spatial variability in observed sea-level trends by climate models. Climate models show that the spatial variability in sea-level trends observed by tide-gauge records is dominated by the GIA contribution and the steric contribution over 1900-2015. Climate models also show that it is important to include all contributions to sea-level changes as they cause significant local deviations; for example, the groundwater depletion around India which is responsible for the low 20th century sea-level rise in the region.
CECi - Consortium des Équipements de Calcul Intensif ; F.R.S.-FNRS - Fonds de la Recherche Scientifique
Researchers
http://hdl.handle.net/2268/213876
10.1175/JCLI-D-17-0112.1
http://journals.ametsoc.org/doi/abs/10.1175/JCLI-D-17-0112.1

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