Article (Scientific journals)
Percutaneous left atrial appendage closure improves left atrial mechanical function through Frank-Starling mechanism.
Coisne, A; Pilato, R; Brigadeau, F et al.
2017In Heart Rhythm
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Abstract :
[en] BACKGROUND: Modifications in left atrial (LA) flow velocities after left atrial appendage (LAA) exclusion have been shown in animal and ex vivo models. In a substudy of PROTECT AF (Percutaneous Closure of the Left Atrial Appendage Versus Warfarin Therapy for Prevention of Stroke in Patients With Atrial Fibrillation), an objective improvement in quality of life was observed after LAA closure. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to investigate the impact of LAA closure on LA transport function. METHODS: Comprehensive transthoracic echocardiography evaluation (2-dimensional [2D]/3-dimensional [3D], 2D speckle tracking) was prospectively performed before and after LAA closure (at discharge and 45 days after procedure) in 33 patients. RESULTS: LAA closure was associated with a significant improvement in LA reservoir function at discharge and 45 days after the procedure with (1) increased maximum LA volume index, (2) increased 2D-LA reservoir volume and expansion index, and (3) increased 2D speckle tracking-derived peak atrial longitudinal strain (PALS) (27.9 ± 14 and 26 ± 12.6 vs 21.7 ± 10.7%, P <.0001). LAA closure was also associated with a significant improvement in LA contractile function with (1) increased LA ejection fraction and (2) increased speckle tracking-derived peak atrial contraction strain (PACS) in sinus rhythm patients (19.1 ± 6.8 and 18.1 ± 5.4 vs 14.4 ± 6.4%, P = .0006). Conversely, the slope of the relation between PACS and PALS remained unchanged (0.5 ± 0.27 and 0.53 ± 0.3 vs 0.5 ± 0.25, P = .99), thus arguing for an improvement in LA contractile function secondary to a Frank-Starling effect rather than a modification in its intrinsic contractility. CONCLUSION: LAA closure was associated with an improvement in LA mechanical function. These changes appeared to be related to a modification in loading conditions, that is, a Frank-Starling effect.
Disciplines :
Cardiovascular & respiratory systems
Author, co-author :
Coisne, A
Pilato, R
Brigadeau, F
Klug, D
Marquie, C
Souissi, Z
Richardson, M
Mouton, S
Polge, AS
Lancellotti, Patrizio  ;  Université de Liège > Département des sciences cliniques > Imagerie cardiaque fonctionnelle par échographie
Lacroix, D
Montaigne, D
Language :
English
Title :
Percutaneous left atrial appendage closure improves left atrial mechanical function through Frank-Starling mechanism.
Publication date :
2017
Journal title :
Heart Rhythm
ISSN :
1547-5271
eISSN :
1556-3871
Publisher :
Elsevier, Netherlands
Peer reviewed :
Peer Reviewed verified by ORBi
Available on ORBi :
since 23 June 2017

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