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26 January 2017
Article (Scientific journals)
Guidelines for the Detection of Babesia and Theileria Parasites.
Lempereur, Laetitia  ; Beck, Relja; Fonseca, Isabel et al.
2017 • In Vector Borne and Zoonotic Diseases, 17 (1), p. 51-65
Peer Reviewed verified by ORBi
 

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Keywords :
Babesia; PCR; Theileria; diagnosis; in vitro culture
Abstract :
[en] The genera Babesia and Theileria (phylum Apicomplexa, order Piroplasmida) are mainly transmitted by Ixodid ticks in which the sexual part of their life cycle followed by sporogony takes place. They include protozoan parasites that infect erythrocytes of a variety of vertebrate hosts, including domestic and wild animals, with some Babesia spp. also infecting humans. Babesia sporozoites transmitted in the tick's saliva during the bloodmeal directly infect erythrocytes, where they asexually multiply to produce pear-shaped merozoites in the process of merogony; whereas a pre-erythrocytic schizogonic life stage in leukocytes is found in Theileria and precedes merogony in the erythrocytes. The wide spectrum of Babesia and Theileria species and their dissimilar characteristics with relation to disease severity, transmission, epidemiology, and drug susceptibility stress the importance of accurate detection of babesiosis and theileriosis and their causative agents. These guidelines review the main methods currently used for the detection of Babesia and Theileria spp. for diagnostic purposes as well as epidemiological studies involving their vertebrate hosts and arthropod vectors. Serological methods were not included once they did not indicate current infection but rather exposure.
Disciplines :
Veterinary medicine & animal health
Author, co-author :
Lempereur, Laetitia ;  Université de Liège > Département des maladies infectieuses et parasitaires (DMI) > Parasitologie et pathologie des maladies parasitaires
Beck, Relja
Fonseca, Isabel
Marques, Catia
Duarte, Ana
Santos, Marcos
Zuquete, Sara
Gomes, Jacinto
Walder, Gernot
Domingos, Ana
Antunes, Sandra
Baneth, Gad
Silaghi, Cornelia
Holman, Patricia
Zintl, Annetta
More authors (5 more) Less
Language :
English
Title :
Guidelines for the Detection of Babesia and Theileria Parasites.
Publication date :
2017
Journal title :
Vector Borne and Zoonotic Diseases
ISSN :
1530-3667
eISSN :
1557-7759
Publisher :
Mary Ann Liebert, United States - New York
Volume :
17
Issue :
1
Pages :
51-65
Peer reviewed :
Peer Reviewed verified by ORBi

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