Reference : B fields in OB stars (BOB): Detection of a magnetic field in the He-strong star CPD -...
Scientific journals : Article
Physical, chemical, mathematical & earth Sciences : Space science, astronomy & astrophysics
http://hdl.handle.net/2268/205401
B fields in OB stars (BOB): Detection of a magnetic field in the He-strong star CPD -57° 3509
English
Przybilla, N. [Institut für Astro- und Teilchenphysik, Universität Innsbruck, Technikerstr. 25/8, 6020, Innsbruck, Austria]
Fossati, L. [Space Research Institute, Austrian Academy of Sciences, Schmiedlstr. 6, 8042, Graz, Austria; Argelander-Institut für Astronomie der Universität Bonn, Auf dem Hügel 71, 53121, Bonn, Germany]
Hubrig, S. [Leibniz-Institut für Astrophysik Potsdam (AIP), An der Sternwarte 16, 14482, Potsdam, Germany]
Nieva, M.-F. [Institut für Astro- und Teilchenphysik, Universität Innsbruck, Technikerstr. 25/8, 6020, Innsbruck, Austria]
Järvinen, S. P. [Leibniz-Institut für Astrophysik Potsdam (AIP), An der Sternwarte 16, 14482, Potsdam, Germany]
Castro, N. [Argelander-Institut für Astronomie der Universität Bonn, Auf dem Hügel 71, 53121, Bonn, Germany]
Schöller, M. [European Southern Observatory, Karl-Schwarzschild-Str. 2, 85748, Garching, Germany]
Ilyin, I. [Leibniz-Institut für Astrophysik Potsdam (AIP), An der Sternwarte 16, 14482, Potsdam, Germany]
Butler, K. [Universitäts-Sternwarte München, Scheinerstr. 1, 81679, München, Germany]
Schneider, F. R. N. [Department of Physics, Denys Wilkinson Building, Keble Road, Oxford, OX1 3RH, UK]
Oskinova, L. M. [Institut für Physik und Astronomie, Universität Potsdam, Karl-Liebknecht-Str. 24/25, 14476, Potsdam, Germany]
Morel, Thierry mailto [Université de Liège > > Groupe d'astrophysique des hautes énergies (GAPHE) >]
Langer, N. [Argelander-Institut für Astronomie der Universität Bonn, Auf dem Hügel 71, 53121, Bonn, Germany]
de Koter, A. [Anton Pannekoek Institute for Astronomy, University of Amsterdam, Science Park 904, PO Box 94249, 1090 GE, Amsterdam, The Netherlands; Instituut voor Sterrenkunde, KU Leuven, Celestijnenlaan 200D, 3001, Leuven, Belgium]
BOB Collaboration [)]
1-Mar-2016
Astronomy and Astrophysics
EDP Sciences
587
Yes (verified by ORBi)
International
0004-6361
1432-0746
Les Ulis
France
[en] stars: abundances ; stars: atmospheres ; stars: ; evolution ; stars: magnetic field ; stars: individual: ; CPD-57°3509 ; stars: massive
[en] <BR /> Aims: We report the detection of a magnetic field in the helium-strong star CPD -57° 3509 (B2 IV), a member of the Galactic open cluster NGC 3293, and characterise the star's atmospheric and fundamental parameters. <BR /> Methods: Spectropolarimetric observations with FORS2 and HARPSpol are analysed using two independent approaches to quantify the magnetic field strength. A high-S/N FLAMES/GIRAFFE spectrum is analysed using a hybrid non-LTE model atmosphere technique. Comparison with stellar evolution models constrains the fundamental parameters of the star. <BR /> Results: We obtain a firm detection of a surface averaged longitudinal magnetic field with a maximum amplitude of about 1 kG. Assuming a dipolar configuration of the magnetic field, this implies a dipolar field strength larger than 3.3 kG. Moreover, the large amplitude and fast variation (within about 1 day) of the longitudinal magnetic field implies that CPD -57° 3509 is spinning very fast despite its apparently slow projected rotational velocity. The star should be able to support a centrifugal magnetosphere, yet the spectrum shows no sign of magnetically confined material; in particular, emission in Hα is not observed. Apparently, the wind is either not strong enough for enough material to accumulate in the magnetosphere to become observable or, alternatively, some leakage process leads to loss of material from the magnetosphere. The quantitative spectroscopic analysis of the star yields an effective temperature and a logarithmic surface gravity of 23 750 ± 250 K and 4.05 ± 0.10, respectively, and a surface helium fraction of 0.28 ± 0.02 by number. The surface abundances of C, N, O, Ne, S, and Ar are compatible with the cosmic abundance standard, whereas Mg, Al, Si, and Fe are depleted by about a factor of 2. This abundance pattern can be understood as the consequence of a fractionated stellar wind. CPD -57° 3509 is one of the most evolved He-strong stars known with an independent age constraint due to its cluster membership. Based on observations made with ESO Telescopes at the La Silla Paranal Observatory under programme ID 191.D-0255(C, E, F, G) and 171.D-0237(A).
http://hdl.handle.net/2268/205401
10.1051/0004-6361/201527646
http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2016A%26A...587A...7P

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