Reference : Biomass production and use of silvopastoral areas in northern Morocco
Scientific congresses and symposiums : Paper published in a book
Life sciences : Agriculture & agronomy
Life sciences : Veterinary medicine & animal health
Life sciences : Environmental sciences & ecology
http://hdl.handle.net/2268/205261
Biomass production and use of silvopastoral areas in northern Morocco
English
Chebli, Youssef mailto [Université de Liège - ULiège > > > Doct. sc. vété. (paysage)]
Chentouf, M. []
Hornick, Jean-Luc mailto [Université de Liège > Département des productions animales (DPA) > Nutrition animale en milieu tropical >]
Cabaraux, Jean-François mailto [Université de Liège > Département des productions animales (DPA) > Ecologie de la santé et des productions animales >]
2016
Proceedings of the 12th International Conference on Goats (2016)
177
Yes
No
International
12th International Conference on Goats (ICG)
du 25 au 30 septembre 2016
The International Goat Association (IGA)
Antalya
Turkey
[en] Silvopastoral ; Rif Mountain ; Biomass ; Goat ; Sustainability
[en] In Rif Mountain of Morocco, sylvopastoral systems satisfy the diverse needs of local population and represent the most important feed sources for goats. This system is under pressure due to climate change and overgrazing. For a sustainable and integrated development of this area, it is essential to establish a resource assessment. This study aims to evaluate the pastoral production (biomass) and investigate the use of pasture in Rif Mountain (Loubar) exclusively used by goat herds. For biomass production, we used the method of the reference module. The surveys, on using pasture by breeders, were realized during the biomass evaluation period. The pastoral shrubs, mainly Cistus crispus, Cistus monspeliensis, Lavendula stoeches and Pistacia lentiscus, represent the most palatable species selected by goats. Breeders use pasture throughout the year, except on rainy days where they resort to limbing. The pasture was characterized by a poor floristic diversity (65 species) dominated by shrubs. The biomass produced was estimated at 373 kg dry matter per hectare composed for 63% by shrubs. For biomass production, significant differences were observed depending on the season and according to sampling sites. The continuous use of the same pasture for a long time can explain the low production estimated and appearance of unpalatable species, such as Arisarum vulgare, Daphne gnidium and Ranunculus sardous. In fact, due to the bad operating practices of pastoral resources, sylvopastoral areas will be less available and of lower quality. The reasonable use of these resources, including a reduction in grazing pressure, should be developed to ensure a better productivity and sustainability.
http://hdl.handle.net/2268/205261
http://icg2016.org/files/abstract_ICG.compressed.pdf

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