Reference : The performance of atmospheric pressure gas chromatography–tandem mass spectrometry c...
Scientific journals : Article
Physical, chemical, mathematical & earth Sciences : Chemistry
The performance of atmospheric pressure gas chromatography–tandem mass spectrometry compared to gas chromatography–high resolution mass spectrometry for the analysis of polychlorinated dioxins and PCBs in food and feed samples
ten Dam, Guillaume [> >]
Pussente, Igor [> >]
Scholl, Georges mailto [Université de Liège > Département de chimie (sciences) > Center for Analytical Research and Technology (CART) >]
Eppe, Gauthier mailto [Université de Liège > Département de chimie (sciences) > Chimie analytique inorganique >]
Schaechtele, Alexander [> >]
van Leeuwen, Stefan [> >]
Journal of Chromatography. A
Elsevier Science
Yes (verified by ORBi)
The Netherlands
[en] Dioxin ; PCB ; atmospheric pressure gas chromatography ; tandem mass spectrometry ; high resolution mass spectrometry
[en] Recently, gas chromatography tandem mass spectrometry (GC–MS/MS) has been added in EuropeanUnion (EU) legislation as an alternative to magnetic sector high resolution mass spectrometry (HRMS) for the analysis of dioxins and dioxin like polychlorinated biphenyls (dl-PCB) in food and feed. In this study the performance of APGC–MS/MS compared to GC–HRMS is investigated and compared with EU legislation. The study includes the legislative parameters, relative intermediate precision standard devia-tion (SRw,rel), trueness, sensitivity, linear range and ion ratio tolerance. In addition, over 200 real samplesof large variety and spanning several orders of magnitude in concentration were analyzed by both techniques and the selectivity was evaluated by comparing chromatograms. The SRw,rel and trueness were evaluated using (in-house) reference samples and fulfill to EU legislation, though the SRw,rel was better with GC–HRMS. The sensitivity was considerably better than of GC–HRMS while the linear range was similar. Ion ratios were mostly within the tolerable range of ±15%. A (temporary unresolved) systematic deviation in ion ratio was observed for several congeners, yet this did not lead to exceeding of the maxi-mum ion ratio limits. The APGC–MS/MS results for the non-dioxin-like-PCBs (ndl-PCBs) were negatively biased, particularly for PCB138 and 153 in contaminated samples. The selectivity of APGC–MS/MS was lower for several matrices. Particularly for contaminated samples, interfering peaks were observed in the APGC chromatograms of the native compounds (dioxins) and labeled internal standards (PCBs). These can lead to biased results and ultimately to false positive samples. It was concluded that the determination of dioxins and PCBs using APGC–MS/MS meets the requirements set by the European Commission. However, due to generally better selectivity and SRw,rel, GC–HRMS is the preferred method for monitoring purposes.
Centre Interfacultaire d'Analyse des Résidus en Traces - CART
Researchers ; Professionals

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