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22 November 2016
Article (Scientific journals)
LaBGen: A method based on motion detection for generating the background of a scene
Laugraud, Benjamin  ; Pierard, Sébastien  ; Van Droogenbroeck, Marc 
2017 • In Pattern Recognition Letters, 96, p. 12-21
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Keywords :
Background generation; Background initialization; Background subtraction; Motion detection; Median filter; SBI dataset; LaBGen; SBMI; SBMC
Abstract :
[en] Given a video sequence acquired with a fixed camera, the generation of the stationary background of the scene is a challenging problem which aims at computing a reference image for a motionless background. For that purpose, we developed our method named LaBGen, which emerged as the best one during the Scene Background Modeling and Initialization (SBMI) workshop organized in 2015, and the IEEE Scene Background Modeling Contest (SBMC) organized in 2016. LaBGen combines a pixel-wise temporal median filter and a patch selection mechanism based on motion detection. To detect motion, a background subtraction algorithm decides, for each frame, which pixels belong to the background. In this paper, we describe the LaBGen method extensively, evaluate it on the SBI 2016 dataset and compare its performance with other background generation methods. We also study its computational complexity, the performance sensitivity with respect to its parameters, and the stability of the predicted background image over time with respect to the chosen background subtraction algorithm. We provide an open source C++ implementation at http://www.telecom.ulg.ac.be/labgen.
Research center :
Montefiore Institute - Montefiore Institute of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science - ULiège
Disciplines :
Computer science
Electrical & electronics engineering
Author, co-author :
Laugraud, Benjamin ;  Université de Liège > Dép. d'électric., électron. et informat. (Inst.Montefiore) > Dép. d'électric., électron. et informat. (Inst.Montefiore)
Pierard, Sébastien ;  Université de Liège > Dép. d'électric., électron. et informat. (Inst.Montefiore) > Télécommunications
Van Droogenbroeck, Marc  ;  Université de Liège > Dép. d'électric., électron. et informat. (Inst.Montefiore) > Télécommunications
Language :
English
Title :
LaBGen: A method based on motion detection for generating the background of a scene
Publication date :
2017
Journal title :
Pattern Recognition Letters
Publisher :
Elsevier Science
Special issue title :
Special Issue on Scene Background Modeling and Initialization
Volume :
96
Pages :
12-21
Peer reviewed :
Peer Reviewed verified by ORBi

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