Reference : Assessment of vertical contamination of Cd, Pb and Zn in soils around a former ore sm...
Scientific congresses and symposiums : Unpublished conference/Abstract
Physical, chemical, mathematical & earth Sciences : Earth sciences & physical geography
Life sciences : Agriculture & agronomy
Life sciences : Environmental sciences & ecology
Assessment of vertical contamination of Cd, Pb and Zn in soils around a former ore smelter in Wallonia, Belgium
Liénard, Amandine mailto [Université de Liège > Ingénierie des biosystèmes (Biose) > Echanges Eau-Sol-Plantes >]
Colinet, Gilles mailto [Université de Liège > Ingénierie des biosystèmes (Biose) > Echanges Eau-Sol-Plantes >]
18th International Conference on Heavy Metals in the Environment
du 12 septembre 2016 au 15 septembre 2016
[en] Enrichment factor ; Vertical impoverishment factor ; Soil ; Trace elements ; Vertical distribution ; Availability ratio
[en] Examples of sites contaminated by atmospheric fallouts are numerous across former industrial areas, among which the valleys of Sambre and Meuse in Wallonia hosted metal ore treatment factories. We have studied the fate of Cd, Pb and Zn in soils affected by atmospheric deposition in the vicinity of old smelters. The importance of vertical redistribution of contaminants in soils is questioned and the aims of this paper are to i) characterize the vertical distribution of TEs and soil properties along diverse soil profiles, ii) evaluate enrichment or impoverishment of TEs along the profiles to discriminate anthropogenic or geogenic origin of contaminations and iii) evaluate whether soil type or land use influenced the mobility of contaminants in the selected profiles.

Concentrations of trace elements (Cd, Co, Cr, Cu, Ni, Pb, and Zn) and major elements (Ca, Mg, K, Fe, Al, and Mn) as well as pHKCl and TOC were measured on 22 profiles located in a 3 km radius of a former ore treatment plant in Wallonia (Belgium). Enrichment factor (EF), vertical impoverishment factor (VIF), and availability ratio (AR) were used as diagnostic tools of contamination and migration of Cd, Pb, and Zn in profiles.

Data revealed that soil profiles are significantly contaminated. The ranges of enrichment factors for Cd (17-3570), Pb (1-2883), and Zn (2-309) are very broad with the higher EF in the topsoil of profile. VIFs of subhorizons are rarely above 1. In a few remaining cases with VIF > 1, the main factor explaining is soil type (especially, Colluvic Regosols, Luvisols, and, Cambisols with shale load). Cd, Pb and Zn ARs are strongly correlated with TOC and to a lesser extent with pHKCl. Pb and Zn ARs are influenced by soil type and land use only plays on Zn AR. The Cd availability is independent by these two factors.

The contents of trace elements measured in soil profiles are very high especially in topsoil. Until now, the Cd, Pb, and Zn vertical distribution shows a low migration from topsoil up to depth. However, we must not minimize the hazard of a future potential transfer.
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