Reference : The 19 Feb. 2016 Outburst of Comet 67P/CG: An ESA Rosetta Multi-Instrument Study
Scientific journals : Article
Physical, chemical, mathematical & earth Sciences : Space science, astronomy & astrophysics
http://hdl.handle.net/2268/201658
The 19 Feb. 2016 Outburst of Comet 67P/CG: An ESA Rosetta Multi-Instrument Study
English
Grün, E. [Max-Planck Institut für Kernphysik, Saupfercheckweg 1, 69127 Heidelberg, Germany; Laboratory for Atmospheric and Space Physics, University of Colorado, 1234 Innovation Dr, Boulder, CO, 80303, USA]
Agarwal, J. [Max-Planck Institut für Sonnensystemforschung, Justus-von-Liebig-Weg, 3 37077 Goettingen, Germany]
Altobelli, N. [European Space Agency (ESA), Camino Bajo del Castillo, s/n, 28692 Villanueva de la Canada, Madrid, Spain]
Altwegg, K. [Physikalisches Institut, University of Bern, Sidlerstr. 5, CH-3012 Bern, Switzerland]
Bentley, M. S. [Space Research Institute, Austrian Academy of Sciences, Schmiedlstraße 6, 8042 Graz, Austria]
Biver, N. [LESIA-Observatoire de Paris, CNRS, UPMC, Université Paris-Diderot, 5 place Jules Janssen, 92195 Meudon, France]
Della Corte, V. [IAPS/INAF, Via del Fosso del Cavaliere, Roma, 00133, Italy]
Edberg, N. [Swedish Institute of Space Physics, Ångström Laboratory, Lägerhyddsvägen 1, Uppsala, Sweden]
Feldman, P. D. [Johns Hopkins University, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Baltimore, MD, USA]
Galand, M. [Imperial College, South Kensington Campus, London SW7 2AZ, UK]
Geiger, B. [European Space Agency (ESA), Camino Bajo del Castillo, s/n, 28692 Villanueva de la Canada, Madrid, Spain]
Götz, C. [Institute for Geophysics and Extraterrestrial Physics, TU Braunschweig, 38106 Braunschweig, Germany]
Grieger, B. [European Space Agency (ESA), Camino Bajo del Castillo, s/n, 28692 Villanueva de la Canada, Madrid, Spain]
Güttler, C. [Max-Planck Institut für Sonnensystemforschung, Justus-von-Liebig-Weg, 3 37077 Goettingen, Germany]
Henri, P. [LPC2E, CNRS, Orléans, France]
Hofstadter, M. [Jet Propulsion Laboratory/Caltech, 4800 Oak Grove Drive, Pasadena, CA 91109, USA]
Horanyi, M. [Laboratory for Atmospheric and Space Physics, University of Colorado, 1234 Innovation Dr, Boulder, CO, 80303, USA]
Jehin, Emmanuel mailto [Université de Liège > Département d'astrophys., géophysique et océanographie (AGO) > Origines Cosmologiques et Astrophysiques (OrCa) >]
Krüger, H. [Max-Planck Institut für Sonnensystemforschung, Justus-von-Liebig-Weg, 3 37077 Goettingen, Germany]
Lee, S. [Jet Propulsion Laboratory/Caltech, 4800 Oak Grove Drive, Pasadena, CA 91109, USA]
Mannel, T. [Space Research Institute, Austrian Academy of Sciences, Schmiedlstraße 6, 8042 Graz, Austria]
Morales, E. [Jaicoa Observatory, Aguadilla, Puerto Rico, U.S.A.]
Mousis, O. [Aix Marseille Université, CNRS, LAM (Laboratoire d'Astrophysique de Marseille) UMR 7326, 13388, Marseille, France]
Muller, M [Université de Liège > Département des sciences de la vie > GIGA-R : Biologie et génétique moléculaire >]
Opitom, Cyrielle mailto [Université de Liège > Département d'astrophys., géophysique et océanographie (AGO) > Origines Cosmologiques et Astrophysiques (OrCa) >]
Rotundi, A. [IAPS/INAF, Via del Fosso del Cavaliere, Roma, 00133, Italy; Dip. di Scienze e Tecnologie, Università degli Studi di Napoli Parthenope, CDN IC4, I-80143 Naples, Italy]
Schmied, R. [Space Research Institute, Austrian Academy of Sciences, Schmiedlstraße 6, 8042 Graz, Austria; Institute of Physics, University of Graz, Universitätsplatz 3, 8010 Graz, Austria]
Schmidt, F. [Institut für Raumfahrtsysteme (IRS), Universität Stuttgart, Pfaffenwaldring 29, 70569 Stuttgart, Germany]
Sierks, H. [Max-Planck Institut für Sonnensystemforschung, Justus-von-Liebig-Weg, 3 37077 Goettingen, Germany]
Snodgrass, C. [Planetary and Space Sciences, Department of Physical Sciences, The Open University, Milton Keynes, MK7 6AA, UK]
Soja, R. H. [Institut für Raumfahrtsysteme (IRS), Universität Stuttgart, Pfaffenwaldring 29, 70569 Stuttgart, Germany]
Sommer, M. [Institut für Raumfahrtsysteme (IRS), Universität Stuttgart, Pfaffenwaldring 29, 70569 Stuttgart, Germany]
Srama, R. [Institut für Raumfahrtsysteme (IRS), Universität Stuttgart, Pfaffenwaldring 29, 70569 Stuttgart, Germany]
Tzou, C.-Y. [Physikalisches Institut, University of Bern, Sidlerstr. 5, CH-3012 Bern, Switzerland]
Vincent, J.-B. [Max-Planck Institut für Sonnensystemforschung, Justus-von-Liebig-Weg, 3 37077 Goettingen, Germany]
Yanamandra-Fisher, P. [Space Science Institute, 13456 Cajon Creek Court, Rancho Cucamonga CA 91739, USA]
A'Hearn, M. F. [Department for Astronomy, University of Maryland, College Park, MD 20742-2421, USA]
Erikson, A. I. [Swedish Institute of Space Physics, Ångström Laboratory, Lägerhyddsvägen 1, Uppsala, Sweden]
Barbieri, C. [Department of Physics and Astronomy "G. Galilei", University of Padova, Vic. Osservatorio 3, 35122 Padova, Italy]
Barucci, M. A. [LESIA-Observatoire de Paris, CNRS, UPMC, Université Paris-Diderot, 5 place Jules Janssen, 92195 Meudon, France]
Bertaux, J.-L. [LATMOS, CNRS/UVSQ/IPSL, 11 Boulevard d'Alembert, 78280 Guyancourt, France]
Bertini, I. [Centro di Ateneo di Studi ed Attivitá Spaziali "Giuseppe Colombo" (CISAS), University of Padova, Via Venezia 15, 35131 Padova, Italy]
Burch, J. [Southwest Research Institute, 6220 Culebra Rd., San Antonio, TX 78238, USA.]
Colangeli, L. [European Space Research and Technology Centre, European Space Agency, Keplerlaan 1, NL 2201 AZ Noordwijk, The Netherlands]
Cremonese, G. [INAF Osservatorio Astronomico di Padova, Vicolo dell'Osservatorio 5, 35122 Padova, Italy]
Da Deppo, V. [CNR-IFN UOS Padova LUXOR, Via Trasea 7, 35131 Padova, Italy]
Davidsson, B. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Uppsala University, Box 516, 75120 Uppsala, Sweden]
Debei, S. [Department of Industrial Engineering University of Padova Via Venezia, 1, 35131 Padova, Italy]
De Cecco, M. [INAF-Osservatorio Astronomico, Via Tiepolo 11, I-34143 Trieste, Italy]
Deller, J. [Max-Planck Institut für Sonnensystemforschung, Justus-von-Liebig-Weg, 3 37077 Goettingen, Germany]
Feaga, L. M. [Department for Astronomy, University of Maryland, College Park, MD 20742-2421, USA]
Ferrari, M. [IAPS/INAF, Via del Fosso del Cavaliere, Roma, 00133, Italy]
Fornasier, S. [LESIA-Observatoire de Paris, CNRS, UPMC, Université Paris-Diderot, 5 place Jules Janssen, 92195 Meudon, France]
Fulle, M. [INAF-Osservatorio Astronomico, Via Tiepolo 11, I-34143 Trieste, Italy]
Gicquel, A. [Max-Planck Institut für Sonnensystemforschung, Justus-von-Liebig-Weg, 3 37077 Goettingen, Germany]
Gillon, Michaël mailto [Université de Liège > Département d'astrophys., géophysique et océanographie (AGO) > Origines Cosmologiques et Astrophysiques (OrCa) >]
Green, S. F. [Planetary and Space Sciences, Department of Physical Sciences, The Open University, Milton Keynes, MK7 6AA, UK]
Groussin, O. [Aix Marseille Université, CNRS, LAM (Laboratoire d'Astrophysique de Marseille) UMR 7326, 13388, Marseille, France]
Gutiérrez, P. J. [Instituto de Astrofisica de Andalucia-CSIC, Glorieta de la Astronomia, 18008 Granada, Spain]
Hofmann, M. [Max-Planck Institut für Sonnensystemforschung, Justus-von-Liebig-Weg, 3 37077 Goettingen, Germany]
Hviid, S. F. [Institute of Planetary Research, DLR, Rutherfordstrasse 2, 12489 Berlin, Germany]
Ip, W.-H. [Institute for Space Science, National Central University, 32054 Chung-Li, Taiwan]
Ivanovski, S. [IAPS/INAF, Via del Fosso del Cavaliere, Roma, 00133, Italy]
Jorda, L. [Aix Marseille Université, CNRS, LAM (Laboratoire d'Astrophysique de Marseille) UMR 7326, 13388, Marseille, France]
Keller, H. U. [Institute for Geophysics and Extraterrestrial Physics, TU Braunschweig, 38106 Braunschweig, Germany]
Knight, M. M. [Department for Astronomy, University of Maryland, College Park, MD 20742-2421, USA]
Knollenberg, J. [Institute of Planetary Research, DLR, Rutherfordstrasse 2, 12489 Berlin, Germany]
Koschny, D. [European Space Research and Technology Centre, European Space Agency, Keplerlaan 1, NL 2201 AZ Noordwijk, The Netherlands]
Kramm, J.-R. [Max-Planck Institut für Sonnensystemforschung, Justus-von-Liebig-Weg, 3 37077 Goettingen, Germany]
Kührt, E. [Institute of Planetary Research, DLR, Rutherfordstrasse 2, 12489 Berlin, Germany]
Küppers, M. [European Space Agency (ESA), Camino Bajo del Castillo, s/n, 28692 Villanueva de la Canada, Madrid, Spain]
Lamy, P. L. [Laboratoire d'Astrophysique de Marseille, UMR 7326 CNRS & Aix-Marseille Université, 38 rue Fédéric Joliot-Curie, 13388 Marseille cedex 13, France.]
Lara, L. M. [Instituto de Astrofisica de Andalucia-CSIC, Glorieta de la Astronomia, 18008 Granada, Spain]
Lazzarin, M. [Department of Physics and Astronomy "G. Galilei", University of Padova, Vic. Osservatorio 3, 35122 Padova, Italy]
Lòpez-Moreno, J. J. [Instituto de Astrofìsica de Andalucìa (CSIC), Glorieta de la Astronomìa s/n, E-18008 Granada, Spain]
Manfroid, Jean mailto [Université de Liège > Département d'astrophys., géophysique et océanographie (AGO) > Département d'astrophys., géophysique et océanographie (AGO) >]
Epifani, E. Mazzotta [INAF-OAR, Via Frascati 33, Monte Porzio Catone (Roma), 00078, Italy]
Marzari, F. [Department of Physics and Astronomy "G. Galilei", University of Padova, Vic. Osservatorio 3, 35122 Padova, Italy]
Naletto, G. [Centro di Ateneo di Studi ed Attivitá Spaziali "Giuseppe Colombo" (CISAS), University of Padova, Via Venezia 15, 35131 Padova, Italy; Department of Information Engineering, University of Padova, Via Gradenigo 6/B, 35131 Padova, Italy]
Oklay, N. [Max-Planck Institut für Sonnensystemforschung, Justus-von-Liebig-Weg, 3 37077 Goettingen, Germany]
Palumbo, P. [IAPS/INAF, Via del Fosso del Cavaliere, Roma, 00133, Italy; Dip. di Scienze e Tecnologie, Università degli Studi di Napoli Parthenope, CDN IC4, I-80143 Naples, Italy]
Parker, J. Wm [Southwest Research Institute, 1050 Walnut Street, Suite 300, Boulder, CO 80302, USA]
Rickman, H. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Uppsala University, Box 516, 75120 Uppsala, Sweden; PAS Space Research Center, Bartycka 18A, 00716 Warszawa, Poland]
Rodrigo, R. [European Space Agency (ESA), Camino Bajo del Castillo, s/n, 28692 Villanueva de la Canada, Madrid, Spain; International Space Science Institute, Hallerstrasse 6, 3012 Bern, Switzerland]
Rodrìguez, J. [Instituto de Astrofìsica de Andalucìa (CSIC), Glorieta de la Astronomìa s/n, E-18008 Granada, Spain]
Schindhelm, E. [Southwest Research Institute, 1050 Walnut Street, Suite 300, Boulder, CO 80302, USA]
Shi, X. [Max-Planck Institut für Sonnensystemforschung, Justus-von-Liebig-Weg, 3 37077 Goettingen, Germany]
Sordini, R. [IAPS/INAF, Via del Fosso del Cavaliere, Roma, 00133, Italy]
Steffl, A. J. [Southwest Research Institute, 1050 Walnut Street, Suite 300, Boulder, CO 80302, USA]
Stern, S. A. [Southwest Research Institute, 1050 Walnut Street, Suite 300, Boulder, CO 80302, USA]
Thomas, N. [Physikalisches Institut, University of Bern, Sidlerstr. 5, CH-3012 Bern, Switzerland]
Tubiana, C. [Max-Planck Institut für Sonnensystemforschung, Justus-von-Liebig-Weg, 3 37077 Goettingen, Germany]
Weaver, H. A. [Johns Hopkins University Applied Physics Laboratory, Laurel, MD]
Weissman, P. [Planetary Science Institute, 1700 East Fort Lowell, Suite 106, Tucson, AZ 85719, USA]
Zakharov, V. V. [LESIA-Observatoire de Paris, CNRS, UPMC, Université Paris-Diderot, 5 place Jules Janssen, 92195 Meudon, France; Sorbonne Universités, UPMC Univ Paris 06, CNRS, Laboratoire de Météorologie Dynamique, 4 place Jussieu, 75252, Paris, France]
Taylor, M. G. G. T. [European Space Research and Technology Centre, European Space Agency, Keplerlaan 1, NL 2201 AZ Noordwijk, The Netherlands)]
1-Aug-2016
Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
Blackwell Publishing
Yes (verified by ORBi)
International
0035-8711
1365-2966
Oxford
United Kingdom
[en] comets: individual: 67P/Churyumov-Gerasimenko ; comets: general
[en] On 19 Feb. 2016 nine Rosetta instruments serendipitously observed an outburst of gas and dust from the nucleus of comet 67P/Churyumov-Gerasimenko. Among these instruments were cameras and spectrometers ranging from UV over visible to microwave wavelengths, in-situ gas, dust and plasma instruments, and one dust collector. At 9:40 a dust cloud developed at the edge of an image in the shadowed region of the nucleus. Over the next two hours the instruments recorded a signature of the outburst that significantly exceeded the background. The enhancement ranged from 50% of the neutral gas density at Rosetta to factors >100 of the brightness of the coma near the nucleus. Dust related phenomena (dust counts or brightness due to illuminated dust) showed the strongest enhancements (factors >10). However, even the electron density at Rosetta increased by a factor 3 and consequently the spacecraft potential changed from ˜-16 V to -20 V during the outburst. A clear sequence of events was observed at the distance of Rosetta (34 km from the nucleus): within 15 minutes the Star Tracker camera detected fast particles (˜25 m s[SUP]-1[/SUP]) while 100 μm radius particles were detected by the GIADA dust instrument ˜1 hour later at a speed of ~6 m s[SUP]-1[/SUP]. The slowest were individual mm to cm sized grains observed by the OSIRIS cameras. Although the outburst originated just outside the FOV of the instruments, the source region and the magnitude of the outburst could be determined.
Professionals
http://hdl.handle.net/2268/201658
10.1093/mnras/stw2088
http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2016MNRAS.tmp.1212G

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