Reference : Evaluating ethane and methane emissions associated with the development of oil and na...
Scientific journals : Article
Physical, chemical, mathematical & earth Sciences : Earth sciences & physical geography
http://hdl.handle.net/2268/194574
Evaluating ethane and methane emissions associated with the development of oil and natural gas extraction in North America
English
Franco, Bruno mailto [Université de Liège > > R&D Direction : Chercheurs ULiège en mobilité >]
Mahieu, Emmanuel [Université de Liège > Département d'astrophys., géophysique et océanographie (AGO) > Groupe infra-rouge de phys. atmosph. et solaire (GIRPAS) >]
Emmons, L. K. [National Center for Atmospheric Research, Boulder, CO, USA > > > >]
Tzompa-Sosa, Z. A. [Department of Atmospheric Science, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, CO, USA > > > >]
Fischer, E. V. [Department of Atmospheric Science, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, CO, USA > > > >]
Sudo, K. [Graduate School of Environmental Studies, Nagoya University, Nagoya, Japan > > > >]
Bovy, Benoît [Université de Liège > Département d'astrophys., géophysique et océanographie (AGO) > Groupe infra-rouge de phys. atmosph. et solaire (GIRPAS) >]
Conway, S. [Department of Physics, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON, Canada > > > >]
Griffin, D. [Department of Physics, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON, Canada > > > >]
Hannigan, J. W. [National Center for Atmospheric Research, Boulder, CO, USA > > > >]
Strong, K. [Department of Physics, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON, Canada > > > >]
Walker, K. A. [Department of Chemistry, University of Waterloo, Waterloo, ON, Canada > > > >]
7-Apr-2016
Environmental Research Letters
Institute of Physics Publishing
11
4
044010
Yes (verified by ORBi)
International
1748-9326
Bristol
United Kingdom
[en] ethane ; methane ; shale gas ; oil and natural gas ; air quality
[en] Sharp rises in the atmospheric abundance of ethane (C2H6) have been detected from 2009 onwards in the Northern Hemisphere as a result of the unprecedented growth in the exploitation of shale gas and tight oil reservoirs in North America. Using time series of C2H6 total columns derived from ground-based FTIR observations made at five selected NDACC sites, we characterize the recent C2H6 evolution and determine growth rates of ~5%/yr at mid-latitudes and of ~3%/yr at remote sites. Results from CAM-chem simulations with the HTAP2 bottom-up inventory for anthropogenic emissions are found to greatly underestimate the current C2H6 abundances. Doubling global emissions is required to reconcile the simulations and the observations prior to 2009. We further estimate that North American anthropogenic C2H6 emissions have increased from 1.6 Tg/yr in 2008 to 2.8 Tg/yr in 2014, i.e. by 75% over these six years. We also completed a second simulation with new top-down emissions of C2H6 from North American oil and gas activities, biofuel consumption and biomass burning, inferred from space-borne observations of methane (CH4) from GOSAT. In this simulation, GEOS-Chem is able to reproduce FTIR measurements at the mid-latitudinal sites, underscoring the impact of the North American oil and gas development on the current C2H6
abundance. Finally we estimate that the North American oil and gas emissions of CH4, a major greenhouse gas, grew from 20 to 35 Tg/yr over the period 2008 to 2014, in association with the recent C2H6 rise.
Researchers ; Professionals ; Students ; General public
http://hdl.handle.net/2268/194574
10.1088/1748-9326/11/4/044010
http://stacks.iop.org/1748-9326/11/i=4/a=044010
[fr] http://reflexions.ulg.ac.be/ExtractionSchiste
[en] http://reflexions.ulg.ac.be/en/ExtractionShale

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