Reference : Integrating roots into a whole-plant map of flowering-time gene networks in Arabidops...
Dissertations and theses : Doctoral thesis
Life sciences : Phytobiology (plant sciences, forestry, mycology...)
http://hdl.handle.net/2268/190592
Integrating roots into a whole-plant map of flowering-time gene networks in Arabidopsis thaliana
English
Bouché, Frédéric mailto [Université de Liège > Département des sciences de la vie > Physiologie végétale >]
Dec-2015
Université de Liège, ​Liège, ​​Belgique
Docteur en Sciences
Périlleux, Claire mailto
Dommes, Jacques mailto
Tocquin, Pierre mailto
Albani, Maria mailto
Chaumont, François mailto
Hanikenne, Marc mailto
du Jardin, Patrick mailto
[en] Flowering ; Roots ; Arabidopsis thaliana ; Photoperiod ; Devernalization ; Hydroponics
[en] Flowering is a crucial step in plant development that needs to be carefully regulated to occur at the right time of the year, thus ensuring reproductive success. In Arabidopsis thaliana, several interconnected molecular networks have been disclosed that mediate flowering response to environmental cues, such as photoperiod and temperature, or to endogenous factors, such as plant age or hormones. Many of these signalling pathways are systemic, i.e. involve regulatory mechanisms distant from the shoot apical meristem where floral transition eventually occurs. However, most investigations were focused on the aerial parts of the plant but ignored the roots. The aim of this Ph.D. thesis was to integrate the roots into a comprehensive overview of the genetic control of flowering in Arabidopsis. A prerequisite was to obtain a full list of known flowering-time genes. This step led to the creation of a database of flowering-time genes, which is accessible online and in which users can navigate through data tables or interactive schemes (www.flor-id.org). In the second part of the work, we studied the involvement of the roots in the differential developmental rates of plants grown in hydroponics and on soil. In the third part of the work, we used data mining analyses to show that about 200 flowering-time genes are expressed in the roots of Arabidopsis. Using a complementary approach, we analysed the root transcriptome to identify early changes occurring during the induction of flowering by a photoperiodic treatment. Collectively, the results presented in this work brought new insights in the regulation of flowering time at the whole-organism scale by integrating the “hidden part” of plants in the current landscape of the molecular processes controlling phase transitions in Arabidopsis thaliana.
Laboratory of Plant Physiology
Fonds de la Recherche Scientifique (Communauté française de Belgique) - F.R.S.-FNRS ; Politique Scientifique Fédérale (Belgique) = Belgian Federal Science Policy
Researchers ; Professionals ; Students
http://hdl.handle.net/2268/190592

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1_preface.pdfPrefaceAuthor postprint1.34 MBView/Open
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2_Ch_1_Introduction.pdfIntroAuthor postprint7.8 MBView/Open
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3_Ch_2_Database_of_Flowering_genes.pdfDatabasePublisher postprint2.47 MBView/Open
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4_Ch_3_Growing_media_comparison.pdfGrowing mediumAuthor preprint4.49 MBRequest copy
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5_Ch_4_Rooting_flowering.pdfRooting floweringAuthor preprint4 MBRequest copy
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6_Ch_5_General_discussion.pdfDiscussionPublisher postprint1.05 MBRequest copy
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7_Supplementals.pdfSupplementalsAuthor preprint11.2 MBRequest copy

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Thesis_keynote.pdfThesis keynote40.93 MBRequest copy

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