Reference : One-year results of coronary revascularization in diabetic patients with multivessel ...
Scientific journals : Article
Human health sciences : Cardiovascular & respiratory systems
One-year results of coronary revascularization in diabetic patients with multivessel coronary artery disease.Sirolimus stent vs. coronary artery bypass surgery and bare metal stent: insights from ARTS-II and ARTS-I.
Macaya, Carlos [> >]
Garcia-Garcia, Hector M. [> >]
Colombo, Antonio [> >]
Morice, Marie-Claude [> >]
Legrand, Victor mailto [Université de Liège - ULiège > Département des sciences cliniques > Cardiologie >]
Kuck, Karl-Heinz [> >]
Sheiban, Imad [> >]
Suttorp, Maarten Jan [> >]
Carrie, Didier [> >]
Vrolix, Mathias [> >]
Wittebols, Kristel [> >]
Stoll, Hans-Peter [> >]
Donohoe, Dennis [> >]
Bressers, Marco [> >]
Serruys, Patrick W. [> >]
EuroIntervention: Journal of EuroPCR in Collaboration with the Working Group on Interventional Cardiology of the European Society of Cardiology
Yes (verified by ORBi)
[en] stents ; revascularization ; diabetics
[en] Background: ARTS-II was designed to evaluate the sirolimus-eluting stent (SES) versus ARTS-I. The objective of this analysis is to assess the safety and efficacy of the SES in diabetic patients with multivessel disease (MVD) versus both arms of ARTS-I.Methods and results: The ARTS studies included 367 diabetic patients (ARTS-II: 159; ARTS-I-CABG: 96; ARTS-I-PCI: 112). Baseline characteristics showed a more diseased patient population in the ARTS-II study: 50.3% with 3VD vs. 35.4% (ARTS-I-CABG) and 30.8% (ARTS-I-PCI) (p=0.003). Treated or anastomosed lesions were 3.2+/-1.2 (ARTS-II), 2.8+/-0.8 (ARTS-I-CABG) and 2.5+/-1.1 (ARTS-I-PCI). At 30 days there was a significant difference in MACCE between ARTS-II (4.4%) and ARTS-I-PCI (12.5%) (p=0.02). At 1-year, the death rate was 2.5% (ARTS-II) vs. 3.1% (ARTS-I-CABG) and 6.3% (ARTS-I-PCI) without significant differences. Myocardial infarction rate was 0.6% (ARTS-II) vs. 2.1% (ARTS-I-CABG; p=0.56) and 6.3% (ARTS-I-PCI; p=0.01). The need for repeat revascularization was 12.6% (ARTS-II) vs. 4.2% (ARTS-I-CABG; p=0.027) and 22.3% (ARTS-I-PCI; p= 0.046). MACCE-free survival was 84.3% (ARTS-II) vs. 85.4% (ARTS-I-CABG; p=0.86) and 63.4% (ARTS-I-PCI; p<0.001). Also at 1 year, the overall MACCE rate in patients with diabetes was significantly higher than in nondiabetic patients, 15.7% vs. 8.5%, respectively [RR 1.85, 95%CI (1.16,2.97), p=0.015), due to a higher incidence of death and need for repeat revascularization, 2.5% vs. 0.4 and 12.5% vs. 5.6% in diabetes vs. nondiabetes groups, respectively.Conclusion: Despite more extensive and treated disease, the overall MACCE-free survival in diabetic patients at 1 year in ARTS-II is similar to ARTS-I-CABG.

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