Reference : Trophic plasticity of Antarctic echinoids under contrasted environmental conditions
Scientific journals : Article
Life sciences : Aquatic sciences & oceanology
Life sciences : Zoology
Life sciences : Environmental sciences & ecology
http://hdl.handle.net/2268/189330
Trophic plasticity of Antarctic echinoids under contrasted environmental conditions
English
Michel, Loïc mailto [Université de Liège > Département de Biologie, Ecologie et Evolution > Océanographie biologique >]
David, Bruno [Université de Bourgogne, Dijon, France > Biogéosciences, UMR CNRS 6282 > > >]
Dubois, Philippe [Université Libre de Bruxelles - ULB > Laboratoire de Biologie Marine > > >]
Lepoint, Gilles mailto [Université de Liège > Département de Biologie, Ecologie et Evolution > Océanographie biologique >]
De Ridder, Chantal [Université Libre de Bruxelles - ULB > Laboratoire de Biologie Marine > > >]
May-2016
Polar Biology
Springer Science & Business Media B.V.
39
5
High environmental variability and steep biological gradients in the waters off the northern Antarctic Peninsula
913-923
Yes (verified by ORBi)
International
0722-4060
1432-2056
New York
NY
[en] Antarctic ; Echinoids ; Feeding behaviour ; Stable isotopes ; Ecological plasticity ; diet shift
[en] Echinoids are common members of Antarctic zoobenthos, and different groups can
show important trophic diversity. As part of the ANT-XXIX/3 cruise of RV Polarstern,
trophic plasticity of sea urchins was studied in three neighbouring regions (Drake
Passage, Bransfield Strait and Weddell Sea) featuring several depth-related habitats
offering different trophic environments to benthic consumers. Three families with
contrasting feeding habits (Cidaridae, Echinidae and Schizasteridae) were studied. Gut
content examination and stable isotopes ratios of C and N suggest that each of the
studied families showed a different response to variation in environmental and food
conditions. Schizasteridae trophic plasticity was low, and these sea urchins were bulk
sediment feeders relying on sediment-associated organic matter in all regions and/or
depth-related habitats. Cidaridae consumed the most animal-derived material. Their
diet varied according to the considered area, as sea urchins from Bransfield Strait
relied mostly on living and/or dead animal material, while specimens from Weddell Sea
fed on a mixture of dead animal material and other detritus. Echinidae also showed
important trophic plasticity. They fed on various detrital items in Bransfield Strait, and
selectivity of ingested material varied across depth-related habitats. In Weddell Sea,
stable isotopes revealed that they mostly relied on highly 13C-enriched food items,
presumably microbially-reworked benthic detritus. The differences in adaptive
strategies could lead to family-specific responses of Antarctic echinoids to
environmental and food-related changes.
Centre Interfacultaire de Recherches en Océanologie - MARE
Fonds de la Recherche Scientifique (Communauté française de Belgique) - F.R.S.-FNRS ; Politique Scientifique Fédérale (Belgique) = Belgian Federal Science Policy
vERSO (BR/132/A1/vERSO)
Researchers ; Professionals ; Students
http://hdl.handle.net/2268/189330
10.1007/s00300-015-1873-y

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