Reference : Wood Specific Gravity Variations and Biomass of Central African Tree Species: The Sim...
Scientific journals : Article
Life sciences : Environmental sciences & ecology
http://hdl.handle.net/2268/189314
Wood Specific Gravity Variations and Biomass of Central African Tree Species: The Simple Choice of the Outer Wood
English
Bastin, Jean-François [Université de Liège - ULiège > > > Doct. sc. agro. & ingé. biol.]
Fayolle, Adeline [Université de Liège > Ingénierie des biosystèmes (Biose) > Gestion des ressources forestières et des milieux naturels >]
Tarelkin, Yegor [> >]
Van Den Bulcke, Jan [> >]
de Haulleville, Thalès [Université de Liège > Ingénierie des biosystèmes (Biose) > Biodiversité et Paysage >]
Mortier, Frédéric [> >]
Van Acker, Joris [> >]
Bogaert, Jan mailto [Université de Liège > Ingénierie des biosystèmes (Biose) > Biodiversité et Paysage >]
De Cannière, Charles [> >]
2015
PLoS ONE
Public Library of Science
10
e0142146
Yes (verified by ORBi)
International
1932-6203
San Franscisco
CA
[en] Context:
Wood specific gravity is a key element in tropical forest ecology. It integrates many aspects of tree mechanical properties and functioning and is an important predictor of tree biomass. Wood specific gravity varies widely among and within species and also within individual trees. Notably, contrasted patterns of radial variation of wood specific gravity have been demonstrated and related to regeneration guilds (light demanding vs. shade-bearing). However, although being repeatedly invoked as a potential source of error when estimating the biomass of trees, both intraspecific and radial variations remain little studied. In this study we characterized detailed pith-to-bark wood specific gravity profiles among contrasted species prominently contributing to the biomass of the forest, i.e., the dominant species, and we quantified the consequences of such variations on the biomass.

Methods:
Radial profiles of wood density at 8% moisture content were compiled for 14 dominant species in the Democratic Republic of Congo, adapting a unique 3D X-ray scanning technique at very high spatial resolution on core samples. Mean wood density estimates were validated by water displacement measurements. Wood density profiles were converted to wood specific gravity and linear mixed models were used to decompose the radial variance. Potential errors in biomass estimation were assessed by comparing the biomass estimated from the wood specific gravity measured from pith-to-bark profiles, from global repositories, and from partial information (outer wood or inner wood).

Results:
Wood specific gravity profiles from pith-to-bark presented positive, neutral and negative trends. Positive trends mainly characterized light-demanding species, increasing up to 1.8 g.cm-3 per meter for Piptadeniastrum africanum, and negative trends characterized shade-bearing species, decreasing up to 1 g.cm-3 per meter for Strombosia pustulata. The linear mixed model showed the greater part of wood specific gravity variance was explained by species only (45%) followed by a redundant part between species and regeneration guilds (36%). Despite substantial variation in wood specific gravity profiles among species and regeneration guilds, we found that values from the outer wood were strongly correlated to values from the whole profile, without any significant bias. In addition, we found that wood specific gravity from the DRYAD global repository may strongly differ depending on the species (up to 40% for Dialium pachyphyllum).

Main conclusion:
Therefore, when estimating forest biomass in specific sites, we recommend the systematic collection of outer wood samples on dominant species. This should prevent the main errors in biomass estimations resulting from wood specific gravity and allow for the collection of new information to explore the intraspecific variation of mechanical properties of trees.
http://hdl.handle.net/2268/189314
10.1371/journal.pone.0142146
http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0142146

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