Reference : Digestibility of solvent-treated Jatropha curcas kernel by broiler chickens in Senegal
Scientific journals : Article
Life sciences : Animal production & animal husbandry
Digestibility of solvent-treated Jatropha curcas kernel by broiler chickens in Senegal
Nesseim, Thierry Daniel Tamsir []
Dieng, Abdoulaye []
Mergeai, Guy mailto [Université de Liège > Agronomie, Bio-ingénierie et Chimie (AgroBioChem) > Phytotechnie tropicale et horticulture >]
Ndiaye, Saliou []
Hornick, Jean-Luc mailto [Université de Liège > Département de productions animales > Nutrition animale en milieu tropical >]
Tropical Animal Health and Production
Kluwer Academic Publishers
Yes (verified by ORBi)
[en] Broiler Chicken ; Jatropha curcas ; Digestibility
[en] Jatropha curcas is a drought-resistant shrub belonging to the Euphorbiaceae family. The kernel contains approximately 60 % lipid in dry matter, and the meal obtained after oil extraction could be an exceptional source of protein for family poultry farming, in the absence of curcin and, especially, some diterpene derivatives phorbol esters that are partially lipophilic. The nutrient digestibility of J. curcas kernel meal (JKM), obtained after partial physicochemical deoiling was thus evaluated in broiler chickens. Twenty broiler chickens, 6 weeks old, were maintained in individual metabolic cages and divided into four groups of five animals, according to a 4 × 4 Latin square design where deoiled JKM was incorporated into grinded corn at 0, 4, 8, and 12 % levels (diets 0, 4, 8, and 12 J), allowing measurement of nutrient digestibility by the differential method. The dry matter (DM) and organic matter (OM) digestibility of diets was affected to a low extent by JKM (85 and 86 % in 0 J and 81 % in 12 J, respectively) in such a way that DM and OM digestibility of JKM was estimated to be close to 50 %. The ether extract (EE) digestibility of JKM remained high, at about 90 %, while crude protein (CP) and crude fiber (CF) digestibility were largely impacted by JKM, with values closed to 40 % at the highest levels of incorporation. J. curcas kernel presents various nutrient digestibilities but has adverse effects on CP and CF digestibility of the diet. The effects of an additional heat or biological treatment on JKM remain to be assessed.
Commission universitaire pour le Développement - CUD
Researchers ; Professionals ; Students

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