Reference : Trophic position of Antarctic amphipods: enhanced analysis by a 2-dimensional biomark...
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Life sciences : Environmental sciences & ecology
Physical, chemical, mathematical & earth Sciences : Earth sciences & physical geography
Life sciences : Aquatic sciences & oceanology
Trophic position of Antarctic amphipods: enhanced analysis by a 2-dimensional biomarker assay
[fr] Position trophique des amphipodes antarctiques: analyse amelioree par un biomarqueur a 2 dimensions
Nyssen, Fabienne mailto [Université de Liège - ULiège > Département des sciences et gestion de l'environnement > Systématique et diversité animale >]
Brey, Thomas mailto [Alfred Wegener Institute for Polar and Marine Research > Marine ecology > > >]
Dauby, Patrick mailto [Université de Liège - ULiège > Departement des sciences et gestion de l'environnement > Systematique et diversite animale > >]
Graeve, Martin mailto [Alfred Wegener Institute for Polar and Marine Research > Marine Chemistry > > >]
Marine Ecology. Progress Series
Inter-Research Science Publishing
Oldendorf Luhe
[en] 2-dimensional biomarker ; trophic relationships ; stable isotopes ; fatty acids ; Amphipoda ; Antarctic ecology
[en] The discrepancy between the ecological significance of amphipods in the Antarctic and our poor knowledge of their ecofunctional role calls for a more detailed investigation of their trophic status in this ecosystem. A total of 12 amphipod species from suspension feeder to scavenger have been considered in this study. Our objective was to investigate whether the combination of fatty-acid and stable-isotope signatures into a 2-dimensional trophic biomarker assay would increase accuracy in the identification of Antarctic benthic amphipod trophic position. Amphipod isotopic averages ranged from -29.3 parts per thousand (delta(13)C) and 4.1 parts per thousand (delta(15)N) for the suspension feeder Ampelisca richardsoni to -21.7 parts per thousand (delta(13)C) and 11.9 parts per thousand (delta(15)N) for the high predator Iphimediella sp. Cluster analysis of the fatty-acid composition separated the amphipod species into 4 trophic groups: suspension feeders, macroherbivores, omnivores and scavengers. The suspension feeder was isolated due to an important proportion of 18:4(n-3), a fatty-acid biomarker of phytoplankton. Macro-herbivores were found to rely heavily on macroalgal carbon, containing a high percentage of arachidonic acid (20:4(n-6)). Scavenger amphipods revealed a unique fatty-acid composition dominated by 1 single fatty acid, 18:1(n-9), probably the result of a very intensive de novo biosynthesis to cope with starvation periods. Our data emphasise the need to combine different types of information to be able to draw the right conclusions regarding trophic ecology. Indeed, in some cases, the exclusive use of 1 type of tracing method, fatty acids or stable isotopes, would have resulted in misleading/false conclusions in the trophic classification of amphipods. Therefore, a 2-dimensional biomarker assay is a useful tool to elucidate the trophic positions of benthic amphipods.
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