Reference : Contribution of the Finite Volume Point Dilution Method for measurement of groundwate...
Scientific congresses and symposiums : Unpublished conference/Abstract
Engineering, computing & technology : Geological, petroleum & mining engineering
Contribution of the Finite Volume Point Dilution Method for measurement of groundwater fluxes in a fractured aquifer
Jamin, Pierre mailto [Université de Liège > Département ArGEnCo > Hydrogéologie & Géologie de l'environnement >]
Goderniaux, Pascal [Université de Mons-Hainaut - UMH > > > >]
Bour, Olivier [Université de Rennes 1 > > > >]
Le Borgne, Tanguy [Université de Rennes 1 > > > >]
Englert, Andreas [Rhur Universität Bochum > > > >]
Longuevergne, Laurent [Université de Rennes 1 > > > >]
Brouyère, Serge mailto [Université de Liège > Département ArGEnCo > Hydrogéologie & Géologie de l'environnement >]
AQUA2015, 42nd IAH International Congress, Hydrogeology: back to the future
du 13 septembre 2015 au 18 septembre 2015
International Association of Hydrogeologists
[en] Finite Volume Point Dilution Method ; Double packer ; Single-well tracer test
[en] The measurement of groundwater fluxes is the basis of all hydrogeological studies. Groundwater flux calculation with Darcy’s law from piezometric gradient measurements and estimation of hydraulic conductivity with pumping/slug tests may lead to cumulated errors on spatial variability, in particular in heterogeneous contexts such as fractured aquifers. Alternative methods, such as point dilution tracer tests to obtain a direct measurement of local groundwater fluxes, are promising.
In this study classical Point Dilution Method (PDM) and Finite Volume Point Dilution Method (FVPDM) are compared on the fractured crystalline aquifer of Ploemeur, France. The manipulation includes the first use of the FVPDM in a fractured aquifer using a double packer. This configuration limits the vertical extent of the tested zone to target a precise fracture zone of the aquifer. The result of this experiment wasa continuous monitoring of groundwater flux that lasted more than 4 days.
Measurements of groundwater flow rate in the fracture (Qt) by PDM only provide good estimates if the mixing volume (Vw) (volume of water in which the tracer is mixed) is known precisely. Conversely, FVPDM allows for an independent estimation of Vw and Qt, leading to better precision in case of complex experimental setup such as this one. The precision of PDM does not depend upon the duration of the experiment while FVPDM may require long experimental duration to guarantee a precise result.
Classical PDM should be used to rapidly estimate the groundwater flux using a simple experimental setup. However, FVPDM is a more precise method with great potential for development but it may require a longer experiment duration to achieve high precision if the groundwater flux investigated islow and/or the mixing volume is large.
Université de Liège, F.R.S.-FNRS no. 1.5060.12
Researchers ; Professionals

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