Article (Scientific journals)
Involvement of both prefrontal and inferior parietal cortex in dual-task performance
Collette, Fabienne; Olivier, L.; Van der Linden, Martial et al.
2005In Cognitive Brain Research, 24 (2), p. 237-251
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Keywords :
positron emission tomography; dual task; executive functions; prefrontal cortex; cerveau; l; t
Abstract :
[en] This PET study explored the neural substrate of both dual-task management and integration task using single tasks that are known not to evoke any prefrontal activation. The paradigm included two simple (visual and auditory) discrimination tasks, a dual task and an integration task (requiring simultaneous visual and auditory discrimination), and baseline tasks (passive viewing and hearing). Data were analyzed using SPM99. As predicted, the comparison of each single task to the baseline task showed no activity in prefrontal areas. The comparison of the dual task to the single tasks demonstrated left-sided foci of activity in the frontal gyrus (BA 9/46, BA 10/47 and BA 6), inferior parietal gyrus (BA 40), and cerebellum. By reference to previous neuroimaging studies, BA 9/46 was associated with the coordinated manipulation of simultaneously presented information, BA 10/47 with selection processes, BA 6 with articulatory rehearsal, and BA 40 with attentional shifting. Globally similar regions were found for the integration task, except that the inferior parietal gyrus was not recruited. These results confirm the hypothesis that the left prefrontal cortex is implicated in dual-task performance. Moreover, the involvement of a parietal area in the dual task is in keeping with the hypothesis that a parieto-frontal network sustains executive functioning.
Research center :
GIGA CRC (Cyclotron Research Center) In vivo Imaging-Aging & Memory - ULiège
Centre de Neurosciences Cognitives et Comportementales - ULiège
Disciplines :
Computer science
Radiology, nuclear medicine & imaging
Neurosciences & behavior
Author, co-author :
Collette, Fabienne  ;  Université de Liège - ULiège > Département des sciences cognitives > Neuropsychologie
Olivier, L.
Van der Linden, Martial ;  Université de Liège - ULiège > Département des sciences cognitives > Psychopathologie cognitive
Laureys, Steven  ;  Université de Liège - ULiège > Centre de recherches du cyclotron
Delfiore, G.
Luxen, André ;  Université de Liège - ULiège > Département de chimie (sciences) > Chimie organique de synthèse - Centre de recherches du cyclotron
Salmon, Eric  ;  Université de Liège - ULiège > Département des sciences cliniques > Neuroimagerie des troubles de la mémoire et révalid. cogn.
Language :
Title :
Involvement of both prefrontal and inferior parietal cortex in dual-task performance
Publication date :
July 2005
Journal title :
Cognitive Brain Research
Publisher :
Elsevier Science Bv, Amsterdam, Netherlands
Volume :
Issue :
Pages :
Peer reviewed :
Peer Reviewed verified by ORBi
Funders :
F.R.S.-FNRS - Fonds de la Recherche Scientifique [BE]
Available on ORBi :
since 10 August 2009


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