Article (Scientific journals)
Late Pleistocene molecular dating of past population fragmentation and demographic changes in African rain forest tree species supports the forest refuge hypothesis
Duminil, Jérôme; Mona, Stefano; Mardulyn, Patrick et al.
2015In Journal of Biogeography, 42, p. 1443-1454
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Keywords :
Africa; Coalescence methods; Guineo-Congolian forests; Last Glacial Maximum; Nuclear gene; Past climate change; Phylogeography; Refugia theory; Tropical species; Vanishing refuge model
Abstract :
[en] Aim : Phylogeographical signatures of past population fragmentation and demographic change have been reported in several African rain forest trees. These signatures have usually been interpreted in the light of the Pleistocene forest refuge hypothesis, although dating these events has remained impracticable because of inadequate genetic markers. We assess the timing of interspecific and intraspecific genetic differentiation and demographic changes within two rain forest Erythrophleum tree species (Fabaceae: Caesalpinioideae). Location : Tropical forests of Upper Guinea (West Africa) and Lower Guinea (Atlantic Central Africa). Methods : Six single-copy nuclear genes were used to characterize the phylogeographical patterns of the parapatric sister species Erythrophleum suaveolens (characteristic of semi-deciduous or gallery forests) and Erythrophleum ivorense (characteristic of evergreen forests). The number of gene pools within each species was determined and the timings of their divergence and past demographic changes were estimated using Bayesian-based coalescent approaches. Results : Three geographically separated gene pools were identified within E. suaveolens, and a single gene pool was inferred in E. ivorense. All gene pools show signatures of demographic bottlenecks concomitant with the last glacial period (c. 120–12 ka). Species-tree inferences show that the two species diverged c. 600 ka, whereas the divergence between E. suaveolens gene pools was dated to the late Pleistocene (first divergence c. 120 ka, second c. 60 ka). Main conclusions : (1) Molecular dating of demographic changes of two African tropical forest tree species is consistent with the Pleistocene forest refuge hypothesis. (2) Tree species from Guinean evergreen tropical forests might have been less affected by past climate change than semi-deciduous species. (3) Our phylogeographical data support a recent date (Holocene) of the last opening of the Dahomey Gap.
Disciplines :
Biochemistry, biophysics & molecular biology
Phytobiology (plant sciences, forestry, mycology...)
Author, co-author :
Duminil, Jérôme
Mona, Stefano
Mardulyn, Patrick
Doumenge, Charles
Walmacq, Frédéric
Doucet, Jean-Louis ;  Université de Liège > Ingénierie des biosystèmes (Biose) > Laboratoire de Foresterie des régions trop. et subtropicales
Hardy, Olivier J.
Language :
English
Title :
Late Pleistocene molecular dating of past population fragmentation and demographic changes in African rain forest tree species supports the forest refuge hypothesis
Publication date :
2015
Journal title :
Journal of Biogeography
ISSN :
0305-0270
eISSN :
1365-2699
Publisher :
Blackwell Publishing, Oxford, United Kingdom
Volume :
42
Pages :
1443-1454
Peer reviewed :
Peer Reviewed verified by ORBi
Available on ORBi :
since 05 May 2015

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