Reference : Provenance of Ichthyosaura alpestris (Caudata: Salamandridae) introductions to France...
Scientific journals : Article
Life sciences : Multidisciplinary, general & others
Life sciences : Genetics & genetic processes
Life sciences : Aquatic sciences & oceanology
Provenance of Ichthyosaura alpestris (Caudata: Salamandridae) introductions to France and New Zealand assessed by mitochondrial DNA analysis
Arntzen, Jan W. [Naturalis Biodiversity Center, The Netherlands > > > >]
King, Tania M. [University of Otago, New Zealand > Department of Zoology > > >]
Denoël, Mathieu mailto [Université de Liège > Département de Biologie, Ecologie et Evolution > Biologie du comportement - Ethologie et psychologie animale >]
Martínez-Solano, Iñigo [Universidade do Porto > CIBIO-InBIO, Centro de Investigação em Biodiversidade e Recursos Genéticos, > > >]
Wallis, Graham P. [University of Otago > Department of Zoology > > >]
Herpetological Journal
British Herpetological Society
United Kingdom
[en] Introductions ; amphibian introduction ; invasive species ; Larzac ; France ; New Zealand ; alpine newt ; Ichthyosaura alpestris ; phylogeography ; origin ; multiple introductions ; invasion
[en] The last century has seen an unparalleled movement of species around the planet as a direct result of human activity, which has been a major contributor to the biodiversity crisis. Amphibians represent a particularly vulnerable group, exacerbated by the devastating effects of chytrid fungi. We report the malicious translocation and establishment of the alpine newt (Ichthyosaura alpestris) to its virtual antipode in North Island of New Zealand. We use network analysis of mitochondrial DNA haplotypes to identify the original source population as I. a. apuana from Tuscany, Italy. Additionally, a population in southern France, presumed to be introduced, is identified as I. a. alpestris from western Europe. However, the presence of two differentiated haplotypes suggests a mixed origin. This type of analysis is made possible by the recent availability of a phylogenetic analysis of the species throughout its natural range. We discuss the particulars of both introductions.
F.R.S.-FNRS - Fonds de la Recherche Scientifique ; Fonds Spéciaux de la Recherche (F.S.R.) de l'Université de Liège
Researchers ; Professionals ; Students
This paper is published by the British Herpetological Society and is be available at Ingenta website (

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