Reference : The enfranchisement of citizens abroad: variations and explanations
Scientific journals : Article
Law, criminology & political science : Political science, public administration & international relations
The enfranchisement of citizens abroad: variations and explanations
Lafleur, Jean-Michel mailto [Université de Liège > Institut des sciences humaines et sociales > Centre d'études de l'ethnicité et des migrations (CEDEM) >]
Voting Rights in the Age of Globalization
Yes (verified by ORBi)
[en] external voting ; democratization ; franchise ; expatriates ; transnational politics ; diaspora
[fr] droit de vote à distance ; élections ; démocratisation
[en] Today, a large majority of states allow at least some of their emigrants to take part in home country elections from abroad. This article first looks at the diffusion of external voting laws and shows that over the past 25 years they have become widely-adopted and are no longer limited to specific professional categories of citizens. Second, the article explains the international diffusion of external voting by discussing the “norm- internationalization hypothesis” and the “electoral-competition hypothesis.” Third, the article attempts to demonstrate that these hypotheses cannot explain why, in a democratic context, states continue to implement a series of hurdles that deter emigrants from using their newly gained rights. Looking at recent developments in Latin America and the Middle East and North Africa, it concludes that the diffusion and variations of external voting laws result from transnational negotiation processes in a context of democratic transformation among various actors whose interests are strongly affected by the inclusion or exclusion of these new voters.
Centre d'Études de l'Ethnicité et des Migrations - CEDEM
Researchers ; Professionals ; Students

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