Reference : Age-related differences in random generation
Scientific journals : Article
Social & behavioral sciences, psychology : Theoretical & cognitive psychology
Social & behavioral sciences, psychology : Neurosciences & behavior
Age-related differences in random generation
Van der Linden, Martial mailto [Université de Liège - ULiège > Département des sciences cognitives > Psychopathologie cognitive >]
Beerten, A. [> > > >]
Pesenti, M. [> > > >]
Brain & Cognition
Yes (verified by ORBi)
[fr] stéréotype
[en] This study investigated the effects of age on a random generation task. In Experiment 1, young and elderly subjects were asked to generate random strings of letters at 1-, 2-, and 4-s rates. The elderly subjects produced more alphabetical stereotype responses than young subjects, even in the slowest rate condition. Furthermore, as faster rates were imposed, elderly subjects could no longer maintain the pace and missed responses. In Experiment 2, subjects were required to generate letters at the same time that they sorted cards into one, two, four, or eight categories. Age-related differences were observed on most of the measures of randomness (stereotypes, zero-order, and first-order measures). In addition, the number of errors increased with the number of sorting alternatives, especially for elderly subjects. These results suggest the existence of a reduction of the central executive resources, along with a reduced inhibition ability, in the elderly subjects. However, the contribution of a perceptual speed factor is also discussed.

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