Reference : Tracing mechanisms controlling the release of dissolved silicon in forest soil soluti...
Scientific journals : Article
Life sciences : Environmental sciences & ecology
Tracing mechanisms controlling the release of dissolved silicon in forest soil solutions using Si isotopes and Ge/Si ratios
Cornelis, Jean-Thomas mailto [Université de Liège - ULiège > BIOSE > Échanges Eau-Sol-Plante > >]
Delvaux, Bruno []
Cardinal, D. []
André, Luc []
Ranger, J. []
Opgerfelt, Sophie []
Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta
Pergamon Press - An Imprint of Elsevier Science
Yes (verified by ORBi)
United Kingdom
[en] Abstract : The terrestrial biogenic Si (BSi) pool in the soil plant system is ubiquitous and substantial, likely impacting the land-ocean transfer of dissolved Si (DSi). Here, we consider the mechanisms controlling DSi in forest soil in a temperate granitic ecosystem that would differ from previous works mostly focused on tropical environments. This study aims at tracing the source of DSi in forest floor leachates and in soil solutions under various tree species at homogeneous soil and climate conditions, using stable Si isotopes and Ge/Si ratios. Relative to granitic bedrock, clays minerals were enriched in Si-28 and had high Ge/Si ratios, while BSi from phytoliths was also enriched in Si-28, but had a low Ge/Si ratio. Such a contrast is useful to infer the relative contribution of silicate weathering and BSi dissolution in the shallow soil on the release of DSi in forest floor leachate solutions. The delta Si-30 values in forest floor leachates (-1.38 parts per thousand to -2.05 parts per thousand) are the lightest ever found in natural waters, and Ge/Si ratios are higher in forest floor leachates relative to soil solution. These results suggest dissolution of Si-28 and Ge-enriched secondary clay minerals incorporated by bioturbation in organic-rich horizons in combination with an isotopic fractionation releasing preferentially light Si isotopes during this dissolution process. Ge/Si ratios in soil solutions are governed by incongruent weathering of primary minerals and neoformation of secondary clays minerals. Tree species influence Si-isotopic compositions and Ge/Si ratios in forest floor leachates through differing incorporation of minerals in organic horizons by bioturbation and, to a lesser extent, through differing Si recycling. (C) 2010 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

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