Poster (Scientific congresses and symposiums)
Near-Death Experiences in patients with locked-in syndrome
Charland-Verville, Vanessa; Lugo Ramirez, Zulay del Rosario; Jourdan, Jean-Pierre et al.
20145th Belgian Brain Council
 

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Keywords :
Near-death experiences; locked-in syndrome; brainstem lesions; coma; memory; negative emotions
Abstract :
[en] Near-Death Experiences (NDEs) are classically associated with positive emotions like peacefulness, happiness and joy [1-3]. To date, few negative NDEs reports have been documented [4]. Although NDEs classically arise in the context of an acute severe brain damage, their associated memories are reported as being phenomenologically very rich and detailed [5]. To date, no satisfactory explanatory model exits to fully account for the rich phenomenology of NDEs following a severe acute brain injury [6]. Neurobiological hypotheses include cerebral hypoxia [7, 8] and temporal lobe dysfunctions [9] to account for some of the features occurring during NDEs. However, it has been recently shown that anoxic/hypoxic, traumatic and other supratentorial brain lesions do not seem to influence the content of a NDE when assessed with a standardized tool (i.e., Greyson NDE scale; [1]). Due to their particular brain lesion (i.e., pontine brainstem), locked-in syndrome (LIS) patients provide a unique opportunity to further investigate the neural correlates of NDEs. We here aimed at retrospectively characterizing the content of NDEs in patients with LIS having suffered from an acute brainstem lesion (cerebrovascular accident (CVA) or trauma; i.e., “LIS NDEs”) and to compare these experiences to those collected in a cohort of matched NDE experiencers after coma with supratentorial lesions (CVA or trauma; i.e., “classical NDEs”).
Research Center/Unit :
GIGA CRC (Cyclotron Research Center) In vivo Imaging-Aging & Memory - ULiège
Disciplines :
Neurosciences & behavior
Author, co-author :
Charland-Verville, Vanessa ;  Université de Liège - ULiège > Centre de recherches du cyclotron
Lugo Ramirez, Zulay del Rosario ;  Université de Liège - ULiège > Doct. sc. médicales (Bologne)
Jourdan, Jean-Pierre;  IANDS- France
Laureys, Steven  ;  Université de Liège - ULiège > Centre de recherches du cyclotron
Language :
English
Title :
Near-Death Experiences in patients with locked-in syndrome
Publication date :
04 October 2014
Event name :
5th Belgian Brain Council
Event date :
04-10-2014
European Projects :
FP7 - 247919 - DECODER - Deployment of Brain-Computer Interfaces for the Detection of Consciousness in Non-Responsive Patients
Funders :
F.R.S.-FNRS - Fonds de la Recherche Scientifique [BE]
EU - European Union [BE]
FEDER - Fonds Européen de Développement Régional [BE]
Fonds Léon Fredericq [BE]
JSMF - James S McDonnell Foundation [US-MO] [US-MO]
CFB - Communauté française de Belgique [BE]
CHU Liège - Central University Hospital of Liege [BE]
ULg - University of Liège [BE]
Funding text :
Tinnitus Prize 2011 (FNRS 9.4501.12); FEDER structural fund RADIOMED-930549
Available on ORBi :
since 07 November 2014

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