Article (Scientific journals)
Towards understanding wild boar Sus scrofa movement: a synthetic movement ecology approach
Morelle, Kevin; Podgórski, Tomasz; Prévot, Céline et al.
2014In Mammal Review
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Keywords :
wild boar; movement ecology; review
Abstract :
[en] In recent decades, the wild boar Sus scrofa has simultaneously increased its population size and colonized new habitats, causing more ecological and socio-economic concern than perhaps any other ungulate species. However, the drivers and mechanisms of the species' spatial ecology remain poorly understood. Thanks to a recently developed framework, the movement ecology of any organism can now be tackled within a consistent and unified theoretical approach. Based on this framework, we reviewed the literature on wild boar movement ecology to assess current knowledge and to identify important gaps. By using important navigational (e.g. olfactory sense) and cognitive (e.g. spatial memory, learning from conspecifics) abilities, wild boar have developed complex movement strategies to cope with external factors. However, there is a lack of detailed information on the role played by the internal state (motivation) and motion capacity in shaping the spatial ability of the species. Specific aspects of the movement ecology of the wild boar, together with its high diet plasticity and its high prolificacy, are probably the most important causes of the rapid spread of wild boar worldwide. We hope our review will inspire other scientists to apply their biological models to the movement ecology paradigms. Furthermore, we suggest that future researchers dealing with the movement ecology of any species should explicitly state the components and interactions of the framework investigated to facilitate further understanding and comparison among studies.
Disciplines :
Environmental sciences & ecology
Author, co-author :
Morelle, Kevin ;  Université de Liège - ULiège > Forêts, Nature et Paysage > Gestion des ressources forestières et des milieux naturels
Podgórski, Tomasz;  Mammal Research Institute, Polish Academy of Sciences, Białowieża, Poland
Prévot, Céline;  Department of Natural and Agricultural Environmental Studies, Service Public de Wallonie, Gembloux, Belgium
Keuling, Oliver;  Institute for Terrestrial and Aquatic Wildlife Research, University of Veterinary Medicine, Hannover, Germany
Language :
English
Title :
Towards understanding wild boar Sus scrofa movement: a synthetic movement ecology approach
Publication date :
25 September 2014
Journal title :
Mammal Review
ISSN :
0305-1838
eISSN :
1365-2907
Publisher :
Blackwell Publishing
Peer reviewed :
Peer Reviewed verified by ORBi
Funders :
FRIA - Fonds pour la Formation à la Recherche dans l'Industrie et dans l'Agriculture [BE]
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