Article (Scientific journals)
“How are you Vulnerable?”: Using Participation for Vulnerability Analysis in Emergency Planning
Rossignol, Nicolas; Turcanu, Catrinel; Fallon, Catherine et al.
2014In Journal of Risk Research
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Keywords :
Vulnerability; STS; Emergency Planning; Participation
Abstract :
[en] Scientists in many fields of research have developed models, theories and concepts attempting to grasp and manage dangers that are often difficult to imagine. Among the different perspectives, the Science and Technology Studies (STS) Vulnerability Approach seems very promising. Relying on a constructivist paradigm, it is based on an inductive collection and analysis of a wide range of factors, with a particular focus on cultural factors and actual day-to-day practices. In this paper, we present the roots of this approach and we display findings based on three case studies exploring emergency planning in three different contexts (a city near a SEVESO plant, a school near a nuclear plant, and a city confronted to multiple catastrophic scenarios). The cases studies were realized by conducting three Focus Groups with different types of stakeholders (citizens, teachers, firemen, decision makers, etc.). After presenting the results of the case studies, we discuss how stakeholders’ participation can inform such type of vulnerability analysis in the context of emergency planning. We argue that participation fosters a deep understanding of actual safety governance practices which allows innovative results to emerge as well as it initiates a learning process among the participants. It contributes to questioning the relations between decision-makers, experts and citizens. It has the potential of bypassing the positivist and quantitative rationale of safety, and thus, of redefining the vulnerability governance. As a conclusion, we question the role of such STS vulnerability approach within the actual vulnerability governance.
Research center :
Spiral
Disciplines :
Political science, public administration & international relations
Sociology & social sciences
Author, co-author :
Rossignol, Nicolas ;  Université de Liège - ULiège > Département de science politique > Anal. et éval. des politiques publ.-Méthod. de sc. politique
Turcanu, Catrinel;  Studiecentrum voor Energie = Centre d'Etude de l'Energie Nucléaire - SCK = CEN
Fallon, Catherine ;  Université de Liège - ULiège > Département de science politique > Département de science politique
Zwetkoff, Catherine ;  Université de Liège - ULiège > Département de science politique > Département de science politique
Language :
English
Title :
“How are you Vulnerable?”: Using Participation for Vulnerability Analysis in Emergency Planning
Publication date :
2014
Journal title :
Journal of Risk Research
ISSN :
1366-9877
eISSN :
1466-4461
Publisher :
Routledge, Abingdon, United Kingdom
Peer reviewed :
Peer Reviewed verified by ORBi
Funders :
Belgian Crisis Center
GDF SUEZ in the framework of the cooperation agreement CO-90–07–2124 between SCK • CEN and GDF SUEZ
Available on ORBi :
since 24 July 2014

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