Reference : Antarctic urchin ctenocidaris speciosa spines: Lessons from the deep
Scientific journals : Article
Life sciences : Aquatic sciences & oceanology
http://hdl.handle.net/2268/168955
Antarctic urchin ctenocidaris speciosa spines: Lessons from the deep
English
Catarino, A. I. [Laboratoire de Biologie Marine, Université Libre de Bruxelles, CP 160/10]
av FD Roosevelt 50, Brussels [Belgium]
Guibourt, V. [Laboratoire de Biologie Marine, Université Libre de Bruxelles, CP 160/10]
av FD Roosevelt 50, Brussels [Belgium]
Moureaux, Christine mailto [Université de Liège - ULiège > Sciences agronomiques > Phytotechnie des régions tempérées >]
av FD Roosevelt 50, Brussels [Belgium]
De Ridder, C. [Laboratoire de Biologie Marine, Université Libre de Bruxelles, CP 160/10]
av FD Roosevelt 50, Brussels [Belgium]
Compère, Philippe mailto [Université de Liège - ULiège > Département de Biologie, Ecologie et Evolution > Département de Biologie, Ecologie et Evolution >]
Dubois, Philippe mailto [Université de Liège - ULiège > Département des Arts et Sciences de la communication > Cinéma et arts audiovisuels >]
av FD Roosevelt 50, Brussels [Belgium]
2013
Cahiers de Biologie Marine
54
4
649-655
Yes (verified by ORBi)
International
0007-9723
[en] Antarctica ; Calcium carbonate saturation state ; Cidaroid spines ; Ctenocidaris speciosa ; Ocean Acidification ; Southern Ocean ; Weddell Sea
[en] Ocean acidification is leading to changes in the oceanic carbonate system. As a result, calcium carbonate saturation horizon is shallowing, especially at high latitudes. Biogenic high magnesium-calcites could be particularly vulnerable, since their solubility is either similar or greater than that of aragonite. Cidaroid urchins have magnesium-calcite spines covered by a polycrystalline cortex which becomes exposed to seawater when mature (not covered by an epidermis). However, deep species live at low calcium carbonate saturation states, especially at high latitudes. We describe here the morphology and the magnesium content of Ctenocidaris speciosa spines collected at different depths from the Weddell Sea (Antarctica) and relate the features with seawater calcium carbonate saturation. We observed that the spines cortex of C. speciosa presented a thicker inner cortex layer and a lower [Mg2] below the aragonite saturation horizon. We suggest that the cortex of cidaroid spines is able to resist to low calcium carbonate saturation state.
http://hdl.handle.net/2268/168955

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