Reference : Sexual differences in the Japanese quail: behavior, morphology, and intracellular met...
Scientific journals : Article
Human health sciences : Endocrinology, metabolism & nutrition
Life sciences : Zoology
Social & behavioral sciences, psychology : Neurosciences & behavior
Sexual differences in the Japanese quail: behavior, morphology, and intracellular metabolism of testosterone.
Balthazart, Jacques mailto [Université de Liège - ULiège > Département des sciences biomédicales et précliniques > Biologie de la différenciation sexuelle du cerveau >]
Schumacher, M. [> > > >]
Ottinger, M. A. [> > > >]
General and Comparative Endocrinology
Yes (verified by ORBi)
[en] Animals ; Body Weight ; Castration ; Cloaca/growth & development/metabolism ; Coturnix/growth & development/physiology ; Female ; Follicle Stimulating Hormone/blood ; Luteinizing Hormone/blood ; Male ; Quail/physiology ; Sex Differentiation ; Sexual Behavior, Animal ; Testosterone/administration & dosage/metabolism/physiology
[en] Three experiments were carried out to study whether differences in the intracellular metabolism of testosterone (T) can explain sexually differential responses to T in Japanese quail. In the first experiment, a series of dose-response curves in which length of Silastic testosterone implants was related to effects on several behavioral and physiological variables was established. In Experiment 2, adult males and females were assigned to six experimental groups: intact males and females (I-males and I-females), castrated males and females implanted subcutaneously with 40-mm Silastic implants of T (T-males and T-females), and castrated males and females without hormone treatment (CX-males and CX-females). No CX-bird (male or female) and no I-female exhibited male sexual behavior. However, I-males and T-males regularly copulated during the behavioral tests. No crowing was ever heard in CX-animals and I-females. T-females crowed less than T-males and their crowing sounded weaker than those of males. The cloacal glands of T-females were less developed than those of males. Radioimmunoassay of T and 5 alpha-DHT showed that T-males and T-females have similar plasma levels of androgens. No striking differences were observed in the way testosterone is metabolized by the pituitary gland and central nervous tissues of males and females. By contrast, the production of 5 alpha-dihydrotestosterone (5 alpha-DHT) and 5 alpha-androstane-3 alpha, 17 beta-diol (5 alpha, 3 alpha-diol) was higher in the cloacal glands of males than in those of females. These sex differences were not detected between T-males and T-females. In experiment 3, the cloacal gland of males produced more 5 alpha-reduced metabolites than those of females. The pituitary gland of females also produced more 5 beta-androstane-3 alpha, 17 beta-diol (5 beta, 3 alpha-diol). In syringeal muscles, the production of 5 beta-dihydrotestosterone (5 beta-DHT) and 5 beta, 3 alpha-diol was higher in females compared to males.

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