Reference : Retrospective analysis of Belgian experience with intestinal transplantation
Scientific congresses and symposiums : Unpublished conference/Abstract
Human health sciences : Gastroenterology & hepatology
Human health sciences : Surgery
Retrospective analysis of Belgian experience with intestinal transplantation
Ceulemans, L.J. []
DE ROOVER, Arnaud mailto [Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Liège - CHU > > Chirurgie abdominale- endocrinienne et de transplantation >]
DETRY, Olivier mailto [Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Liège - CHU > > Chirurgie abdominale- endocrinienne et de transplantation >]
Troisi, R []
Rogiers, X []
Reding, R []
Lerut, J []
Ysebaert, D []
Chapelle, T []
Monbaliu, D []
Pirenne, J []
Annual meeting 2013
le 21 mars 2013
Belgian Transplantation Society
[en] Aim: The only alternative to Total Parenteral Nutrition (TPN) for complicated intestinal failure is Intesti- nal Transplantation (ITx) which is perceived as a high-risk procedure with inferior results compared to other organ Tx. Therefore ITx has been rarely applied in Belgium. In a multicenter retrospective review, we analyzed the overall Belgian experience with ITx.
Methods: The Belgium Liver Intestine Committee organized a survey among all Belgian Tx centers, based on the patient-specific data form of the international ITx registry. Overall activity and indications were reviewed. Patient/graft survival was calculated (Kaplan-Meier). Nutritional (TPN) independence and Quality of Life (QoL) (Karnofsky score) were analyzed.
Results: 21 ITx were performed in 20 patients (03/99-11/12), distributed among 5 centers: KUL (12), ULg (5), UZG (2), UCL (1), UZA (1). Median age was 38y(8mo-56y). Male/female ratio was 10/10. 5 were pediatrics (<18y) and 15 adults. Indications were anatomical or functional short bowel syndrome: intestinal ischemia(5), volvulus(5), Crohn(2), chronic intestinal pseudo-obstruction(2), splanchnic thrombosis(2), Churg-Strauss(1), necrotizing enterocolitis(1), microvillus inclusion(1), intestinal atresia(1) and chronic rejection of a first ITx(1). Most patients also suffered from TPN-associated com- plications (infection/shortage of venous access or liver failure). An isolated small bowel was trans- planted in 9 patients (plus kidney Tx in 2; plus pancreas Tx in 1); 10 received a combined liver and ITx; 2 received a multivisceral Tx. At time of Tx, 11 patients were hospitalized and 10 at home. 20 grafts were procured from deceased donors; one segmental intestinal graft was procured from a living donor. ABO blood group was identical in 63%, compatible in 37%. Median cold ischemia time was 5h30 ́(3h17 ́-9h31 ́). All patients received tacrolimus-based immunosuppression. Basiliximab (anti-IL2 receptor antibody) induction was administered in 16 patients. In 11 patients donor specific blood was transfused as part of an immunomodulatory protocol. 5-year patient and graft survival is 59% and 55.6%, respectively. 8 patients died: 6 to sepsis, 1 to intracerebral hemorrhage; 1 sudden death re- mained unexplained. 1 patient developed postTx lymphoma. 2 chronic rejections occured for which one reTx was performed. Of 12 survivors (median follow-up 1870 days), 11 are nutritionally independent (TPN-free) and 10 have a Karnofsky score >90%.
Conclusions: ITx has come of age in Belgium. During the last 13 years, 21 ITx were performed in 5 centers. A 5-year patient/graft survival of 59%/55.6% is achieved, which is similar to results reported by the International ITx registry. In Belgium, awareness should grow that ITx represents a life-saving (and QoL improving) treatment in selected patients with reduced life expectancy due to significant complica- tions from TPN and intestinal failure.

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