Reference : Reproductive and productive performances of the stress-negative Piétrain pigs in the ...
Scientific journals : Article
Life sciences : Animal production & animal husbandry
Reproductive and productive performances of the stress-negative Piétrain pigs in the tropics: the case of Vietnam
Do Duc, Luc mailto [Université de Liège - ULiège > > > Doct. sc. vété. (Bologne)]
Ha Xuan, Bo mailto []
Thomson, Peter mailto []
Dang Vu, Binh mailto []
Leroy, Pascal mailto [Université de Liège - ULiège > Département de productions animales > Biostatistique, économie, sélection animale >]
Farnir, Frédéric mailto [Université de Liège - ULiège > Département de productions animales > Biostatistiques et bioinformatique appliquées aux sc. vétér. >]
Animal Production Science
CSIRO Publishing
Yes (verified by ORBi)
[en] stress negative Piétrain ; reproduction ; production ; sperm ; Vietnam
[en] The objective of the present study is to investigate the reproduction, production and semen traits of the stressnegative Piétrain line of pigs in the north of Vietnam, as well as to identify various factors (halothane genotype, generationorigin, parity, sex and month of the year) acting on these traits. The experiment was carried out on a purebred nucleus on Dong Hiep farm, Haiphong province in Vietnam. The reproduction performances and the sperm quality measures were based on 12 sows and 5 boars imported from Belgium as well as on 29 sows and 14 boars born in Vietnam, while the production performances were recorded only from 251 animals born in Vietnam. No significant differences were observed between halothane genotypes of sows for reproduction traits (P>0.0578). At the age of 7.5 months, bodyweight, backfat thickness and
longissimus depth (7.5) of homozygous-dominant pigs were higher (P<0.05) than in heterozygotes. Homozygous-dominant boars had higher total number of spermatozoa than heterozygote boars (P < 0.05); similarly, Vietnam boars also presented higher total number of spermatozoa values than Belgium boars (P < 0.001). Vietnam sows had longer duration of pregnancy, more piglets born alive and heavier litter weight of weaning than Belgium sows (P < 0.01). Bodyweight at birth, at weaning, at 2, 5.5 and 7.5 months of age increased from the first to third parity (P < 0.05). Gilts had more lean meat than intact boars (P < 0.01). Compared with observations made in temperate countries, the reproduction and production performances, sperm concentration and total number of spermatozoa of stress-negative Piétrain pigs were reduced, whereas lean meat percentage was not affected. This might be due to the different climate, although improving values for animals born in Vietnam might indicate adaptation of the animals and/or of the technicians with that breed. The results support the interest of the use of this new Piétrain line in tropical countries with ecological and climatic conditions similar to Vietnam.
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