Reference : Three cases of Parafilaria bovicola infection in Belgium, and a few recent epidemiolo...
Scientific journals : Article
Life sciences : Veterinary medicine & animal health
http://hdl.handle.net/2268/142866
Three cases of Parafilaria bovicola infection in Belgium, and a few recent epidemiological observations on this emergent disease
English
Caron, Yannick mailto [Université de Liège - ULiège > Département des maladies infectieuses et parasitaires > Parasitologie et pathologie des maladies parasitaires >]
Groignet, Stéphanie [> >]
Saegerman, Claude mailto [Université de Liège - ULiège > Département des maladies infectieuses et parasitaires > Epidémiologie et analyse des risques appl. aux sc. vétér. >]
Losson, Bertrand mailto [Université de Liège - ULiège > Département des maladies infectieuses et parasitaires > Parasitologie et pathologie des maladies parasitaires >]
2013
Veterinary Record : Journal of the British Veterinary Association
British Veterinary Medicine
175
Yes (verified by ORBi)
International
0042-4900
London
United Kingdom
[en] Parafilaria bovicola ; serohaemorrhagic exudat ; macrocyclic lactones
[en] Parafilariosis is a vector borne parasitic disease caused by the development of the nematode Parafilaria bovicola in the subcutaneous and intermuscular connective tissues of cattle. On February 28th 2012, the so-called bleeding spots were observed in two heifers and one bull in a cattle herd close to Namur (Belgium). The animals had been treated in December with an injectable ivermectin/closantel solution (Closamectin pour on®, Norbrook Lab) at the recommended dosage. Samples of serohaemorrhagic exudate and blood as well as skin biopsies were collected. Embryonated eggs of Parafilaria bovicola in the serohaemorrhagic exudate and high levels of creatine phosphokinase (CPK) were detected. Clinically affected animals were treated with injectable ivermectin (Ivomec®, Merial) at 200 µg/kg. Two epidemiological phone surveys were carried out in the south of Belgium (Wallonia) in order to estimate the geographical distribution of this condition since it was first described and published in 2009. A standardized questionnaire was used and the results were analysed. Most outbreaks were recorded in the provinces of Liege and Luxembourg. The initial source of infection is still unknown but this parasitic infection is clearly spreading from the initial Belgian outbreak site.
http://hdl.handle.net/2268/142866
10.1136/vr.101188

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