Reference : An expanding Universe without dark matter and dark energy
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Physical, chemical, mathematical & earth Sciences : Space science, astronomy & astrophysics
An expanding Universe without dark matter and dark energy
Magain, Pierre mailto [Université de Liège - ULiège > Département d'astrophys., géophysique et océanographie (AGO) > Astrophysique et traitement de l'image >]
[en] cosmology ; dark matter ; dark energy
[en] Assuming that observers located inside the Universe measure a time flow which is different from
the time appearing in the Friedmann-Lemaıtre equation, and determining this time flow such that
the Universe always appears flat to these observers, we derive a simple cosmological model which allows to explain the velocity dispersions of galaxies in galaxy clusters without introducing dark matter. It also solves the horizon problem without recourse to inflation. Moreover, it explains the present acceleration of the expansion without any resort to dark energy and provides a good fit to the observations of distant supernovæ. Depending on the present value of the matter-energy density, we calculate an age of the Universe between 15.4 and 16.5 billion years, ignificantly larger than the 13.7 billion years of the standard CDM model. Our model has a slower expansion rate in the early epochs, thus leaving more time for the formation of structures such as stars and galaxies.

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