Reference : Genetics of lactation persistency
Scientific congresses and symposiums : Paper published in a journal
Life sciences : Genetics & genetic processes
Life sciences : Animal production & animal husbandry
Genetics of lactation persistency
Swalve, H. H. [> >]
Gengler, Nicolas mailto [Université de Liège - ULiège > Sciences agronomiques > Zootechnie >]
British Society of Animal Production Occasional Publication
Metabolic Stress in Dairy Cows. International symposium organised by BSAS, GIFT and BCVA
October 1998
[en] persistency ; milk ; genetics
[en] Lactation persistency, often simply called persistency, in general can be defined as the ability to maintain yields during the lactation. Persistency has an impact on feed costs, health, and fertility. Of these three components affected by persistency, the impact of persistency on health, i.e. metabolic stress of the cow leading to health problems, may be most important nowadays. Numerous suggestions for criteria of persistency exist. Often simple ratios of part-lactation yields, e.g. the ratio of yield in the first and last 100 days of lactation, have been used. New approaches have used results from the application of random regression test day models developed for the genetic evaluation of yield traits. Many studies have unfortunately neglected the effect of gestation on persistency but acknowledged that an improved persistency should lead to an improved reproductive performance. Both relationships should be considered in genetic analyses and recommendations for improvement of management decisions. Today the correct description of persistency plays a prominent role to obtain correct genetic evaluations based on test day yields. But, although apparently trivial, a direct genetic analysis of lactation persistency and even more an inclusion of this trait into selection programmes clearly is a complicated task. A reason for this, amongst others, is that management strategies for feeding during the lactation and handling of the reproductive performance that are most often not recorded, are likely to mask the real persistency. Future studies on the genetics of persistency should also seek a strong interaction of geneticists and physiologists as persistency is fundamentally confounded with the problem of metabolic stress. Today, a recommendation of the inclusion of persistency in selection programmes appears to be premature and more studies, e. g. on the association of persistency with longevity, could aid in this process.
Genetic Improvement of Functional Traits in Cattle (GIFT) - Concerted Action
Researchers ; Professionals ; Students

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