Reference : The empirical mass distribution of hot B subdwarfs: implications for stellar evolutio...
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The empirical mass distribution of hot B subdwarfs: implications for stellar evolution theory
Van Grootel, Valérie mailto [Université de Liège - ULiège > Département d'astrophys., géophysique et océanographie (AGO) > Astrophysique stellaire théorique et astérosismologie >]
Fontaine, Gilles [> >]
Charpinet, Stéphane [> >]
Brassard, Pierre [> >]
Green, Elizabeth M. [> >]
EPJ Web of Conferences
EDP Sciences
40th Liege International Astrophysical Colloquium
9 au 13 juillet 2012
A. Noels, J. Montalban, V. Van Grootel
[en] Subdwarf B (sdB) stars are hot, compact, and evolved objects that form the very hot end of the horizontal branch, the so-called Extreme Horizontal Branch (EHB). Understanding the formation of sdB stars is one of the remaining challenges of stellar evo- lution theory. Several scenarios have been proposed to account for the existence of such objects, made of He-burning core surrounded by very thin H-rich envelope. They give quite different theoretical mass distributions for the resulting sdB stars. Detailed astero- seismic analyses, including mass estimates, of 15 pulsating hot B subdwarfs have been published since a decade. The masses have also been reliably determined by light curve modeling and spectroscopy for 7 sdB components of eclipsing and/or reflection effect binaries. These empirical mass distributions, although based on small-number statistics, can be compared with the expectations of stellar evolution theory. In particular, the two He white dwarfs merger scenario does not seem to be the dominant channel to form iso- lated sdB stars, while the post-red giant branch scenario is reinforced. This opens new questions on extreme mass loss of red giants to form EHB stars, possibly in connection with the recently discovered close substellar companions and planets orbiting sdB stars.
Fonds de la Recherche Scientifique (Communauté française de Belgique) - F.R.S.-FNRS
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