Reference : Heart Graft Monitoring by the Ventricular Evoked Response
Scientific journals : Article
Human health sciences : Cardiovascular & respiratory systems
Human health sciences : Surgery
Heart Graft Monitoring by the Ventricular Evoked Response
Mahaux, V. []
Demoulin, J.C. []
BIESSAUX, Yves [Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Liège - CHU > > Cardiologie >]
RADERMECKER, Marc mailto [Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Liège - CHU > > Chirurgie cardio-vasculaire >]
Schreier, G. []
Limet, Raymond mailto [Université de Liège - ULiège > Département des sciences cliniques > Chirurgie cardio-vasculaire et thoracique]
Kulbertus, Henri []
Pacing & Clinical Electrophysiology
Blackwell Publishing
11, Pt 2
Yes (verified by ORBi)
United Kingdom
[en] Monitoring of the negative slew rate of the evoked T wave has been proposed as a noninvasive diagnostic tool to follow heart transplant recipients. The clinical contribution of this measurement on telemetrically recorded, paced unipolar ventricular electrograms was evaluated in the detection of grade 3 acute allograft rejection. Thirteen patients undergoing heart transplantation received a DDD pacemaker connected to two epimyocardial leads. Electrograms were recorded and digitized after each endomyocardial biopsy (EMB). The maximum slew rate of the descending slope of the repolarization phase (RSP) was extracted and normalized. A 20% downward shift of RSP from the reference value was considered abnormal. Results of signal processing were blinded during the first 6 months. Eleven patients completed the 6 months blinded period and two patients died. A total of 101 EMB were graded according to the International Society for Heart and Lung Transplantation classification. Grade 3 was assigned to 9 EMB. A significant difference was found between RSP values measured during grade 3 rejection episodes and other RSP values (P < 0.001). A diagnostic model consisting of a single threshold test confirmed the ability of RSP to predict significant signs of rejection on EMB (P < 0.0001). The sensitivity of RSP in detecting grade 3 rejections was 100%, specificity was 81%, negative predictive value 100%, and positive predictive value 35%. The use of RSP as a noninvasive monitoring tool to pose the indication for a biopsy would avoid 73% of EMB. Monitoring of transplanted hearts based on the analysis of the ventricular evoked response is promising and may markedly reduce the number of EMB.
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