Reference : Constitutive expression of the 27-kDa heat shock protein (Hsp27) in sensory and motor...
Scientific journals : Article
Life sciences : Anatomy (cytology, histology, embryology...) & physiology
Constitutive expression of the 27-kDa heat shock protein (Hsp27) in sensory and motor neurons of the rat nervous system.
Plumier, Jean-Christophe mailto [Dalhousie University > Anatomy and Neurobiology > > >]
Hopkins, D. A. [Dalhousie University > Anatomy and Neurobiology > > >]
Robertson, H. A. [Dalhousie University > Pharmacology > > >]
Currie, R. W. [Dalhousie University > Anatomy and Neurobiology > > >]
Journal of Comparative Neurology (The)
Wiley Liss, Inc.
Yes (verified by ORBi)
New York
[en] Animals ; Blotting, Western ; Central Nervous System/cytology/metabolism ; Diencephalon/metabolism ; Electrophoresis, Gel, Two-Dimensional ; Heat-Shock Proteins/biosynthesis ; Immunohistochemistry ; Male ; Mesencephalon/metabolism ; Motor Neurons/metabolism ; Nerve Tissue Proteins/biosynthesis ; Neurons, Afferent/metabolism ; Pons/metabolism ; Rats ; Rats, Sprague-Dawley ; Spinal Cord/metabolism ; Trigeminal Nerve/metabolism
[en] In this study, the constitutive expression of the 27-kDa heat shock protein (Hsp27) in the adult rat central nervous system has been examined by immunohistochemistry and by two-dimensional gel Western blot analysis. Hsp27 immunoreactivity was observed primarily in motoneurons of cranial nerve nuclei and spinal cord, and in primary sensory neurons and their central processes. Also, Hsp27 immunoreactivity was present in neurons of the arcuate nucleus and of the reticular formation. However, only a subset of these neurons was Hsp27-immunoreactive. Most general somatic efferent motoneurons of the hypoglossal nucleus and spinal motor columns and most special visceral efferent motoneurons of the cranial nerve nuclei were Hsp27-positive. In contrast, fewer general somatic efferent motoneurons for eye muscles were Hsp27-positive, and only a small proportion of general visceral efferent neurons, i.e., parasympathetic and sympathetic preganglionic neurons, were stained for Hsp27. Many pseudounipolar sensory neurons were Hsp27-immunoreactive, and the patterns of staining in central sensory nuclei suggested that specific subpopulations of sensory neurons contained Hsp27. The cellular distribution of Hsp27 was uniform throughout the cytoplasm, including the perikaryon, axon and dendrites, the latter often exhibiting varicosities or beading in distal processes. Western blot analyses revealed that at least three phosphorylated isoforms of Hsp27 were present in the spinal cord. These results suggest that constitutively expressed Hsp27 may be related to functional subpopulations of motoneurons and primary sensory neurons.

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