Reference : Detection of Thermal Emission from a Super-Earth
Scientific journals : Letter to the editor
Physical, chemical, mathematical & earth Sciences : Space science, astronomy & astrophysics
Detection of Thermal Emission from a Super-Earth
Demory, Brice*-Olivier [> > > >]
Gillon, Michaël mailto [Université de Liège - ULiège > Département d'astrophys., géophysique et océanographie (AGO) > Astrophysique et traitement de l'image]
Seager, Sara [> > > >]
Benneke, Bjoern [> > > >]
Deming, Drake [> > > >]
Jackson, Brian [> > > >]
Astrophysical Journal. Letters
IOP Publishing
Yes (verified by ORBi)
United Kingdom
[en] Astrophysics - Earth and Planetary Astrophysics
[en] We report on the detection of infrared light from the super-Earth 55 Cnc e, based on four occultations obtained with Warm Spitzer at 4.5 microns. Our data analysis consists of a two-part process. In a first step, we perform individual analyses of each dataset and compare several baseline models to optimally account for the systematics affecting each lightcurve. We apply independent photometric correction techniques, including polynomial detrending and pixel-mapping, that yield consistent results at the 1-sigma level. In a second step, we perform a global MCMC analysis including all four datasets, that yields an occultation depth of 131+-28ppm, translating to a brightness temperature of 2360+-300 K in the IRAC-4.5 micron channel. This occultation depth suggests a low Bond albedo coupled to an inefficient heat transport from the planetary dayside to the nightside, or else possibly that the 4.5-micron observations probe atmospheric layers that are hotter than the maximum equilibrium temperature (i.e., a thermal inversion layer or a deep hot layer). The measured occultation phase and duration are consistent with a circular orbit and improves the 3-sigma upper limit on 55 Cnc e's orbital eccentricity from 0.25 to 0.06.

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