Reference : Nitric oxide: does it play a role in the heart of the critically ill?
Scientific journals : Article
Human health sciences : Anesthesia & intensive care
Nitric oxide: does it play a role in the heart of the critically ill?
MASSION, Paul mailto [Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Liège - CHU > > Soins intensifs]
Moniotte, S. [> > > >]
Balligand, J. L. [> > > >]
Current Opinion in Critical Care
Lippincott Williams & Wilkins
Yes (verified by ORBi)
[en] Critical Illness ; Heart/physiology ; Heart Diseases ; Humans ; Nitric Oxide/physiology
[en] Nitric oxide regulates many aspects of myocardial function, not only in the normal heart but also in ischemic and nonischemic heart failure, septic cardiomyopathy, cardiac allograft rejection, and myocarditis. Accumulating evidence implicates the endogenous production of nitric oxide in the regulation of myocardial contractility, distensibility, heart rate, coronary vasodilation, myocardial oxygen consumption, mitochondrial respiration, and apoptosis. The effects of nitric oxide promote left ventricular mechanical efficiency, ie, appropriate matching between cardiac work and myocardial oxygen consumption. Most of these beneficial effects are attributed to the low physiologic concentrations generated by the constitutive endothelial or neuronal nitric oxide synthase. By contrast, inducible nitric oxide synthase generates larger concentrations of nitric oxide over longer periods of time, leading to mostly detrimental effects. In addition, the recently identified beta3-adrenoceptor mediates a negative inotropic effect through coupling to endothelial nitric oxide synthase and is overexpressed in heart failure. An imbalance between beta 1 and beta2-adrenoceptor and beta3-adrenoceptor, with a prevailing influence of beta3-adrenoceptor, may play a causal role in the pathogenesis of cardiac diseases such as terminal heart failure. Likewise, changes in the expression of endothelial nitric oxide synthase or inducible nitric oxide synthase within the myocardium may alter the delicate balance between the effects of nitric oxide produced by either of these isoforms. New treatments such as selective inducible nitric oxide synthase blockade, endothelial nitric oxide synthase promoting therapies, and selective beta3-adrenoceptor modulators may offer promising new therapeutic approaches to optimize the care of critically ill patients according to their stage and specific underlying disease process.

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