Reference : Validation of subject-specific cardiovascular system models from porcine measurements.
Scientific journals : Article
Human health sciences : Cardiovascular & respiratory systems
Validation of subject-specific cardiovascular system models from porcine measurements.
Revie, J. A. [> > > >]
Stevenson, D. J. [> > > >]
Chase, J. G. [> > > >]
Hann, C. E. [> > > >]
LAMBERMONT, Bernard [Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Liège - CHU > > Frais communs médecine]
Ghuysen, Alexandre [Université de Liège - ULiège > Département des sciences de la santé publique > Réanimation - Urgence extrahospitalière]
Kolh, Philippe mailto [Université de Liège - ULiège > Département des sciences biomédicales et précliniques > Biochimie et physiologie générales, humaines et path.]
Shaw, G. M. [> > > >]
Heldmann, S. [> > > >]
Desaive, Thomas [Université de Liège - ULiège > Département d'astrophys., géophysique et océanographie (AGO) > Thermodynamique des phénomènes irréversibles]
Computer Methods & Programs in Biomedicine
Elsevier Scientific
Yes (verified by ORBi)
[en] A previously validated mathematical model of the cardiovascular system (CVS) is made subject-specific using an iterative, proportional gain-based identification method. Prior works utilised a complete set of experimentally measured data that is not clinically typical or applicable. In this paper, parameters are identified using proportional gain-based control and a minimal, clinically available set of measurements. The new method makes use of several intermediary steps through identification of smaller compartmental models of CVS to reduce the number of parameters identified simultaneously and increase the convergence stability of the method. This new, clinically relevant, minimal measurement approach is validated using a porcine model of acute pulmonary embolism (APE). Trials were performed on five pigs, each inserted with three autologous blood clots of decreasing size over a period of four to five hours. All experiments were reviewed and approved by the Ethics Committee of the Medical Faculty at the University of Liege, Belgium. Continuous aortic and pulmonary artery pressures (P(ao), P(pa)) were measured along with left and right ventricle pressure and volume waveforms. Subject-specific CVS models were identified from global end diastolic volume (GEDV), stroke volume (SV), P(ao), and P(pa) measurements, with the mean volumes and maximum pressures of the left and right ventricles used to verify the accuracy of the fitted models. The inputs (GEDV, SV, P(ao), P(pa)) used in the identification process were matched by the CVS model to errors <0.5%. Prediction of the mean ventricular volumes and maximum ventricular pressures not used to fit the model compared experimental measurements to median absolute errors of 4.3% and 4.4%, which are equivalent to the measurement errors of currently used monitoring devices in the ICU ( approximately 5-10%). These results validate the potential for implementing this approach in the intensive care unit.
Copyright (c) 2011 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.

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