Reference : An intermediate in the evolution of superfast sonic muscles.
Scientific journals : Article
Life sciences : Zoology
http://hdl.handle.net/2268/107860
An intermediate in the evolution of superfast sonic muscles.
English
Mok, H. [> >]
Parmentier, Eric mailto [Université de Liège - ULiège > Département de Biologie, Ecologie et Evolution > Morphologie fonctionnelle et évolutive >]
Chiu, H. [> >]
Tsai, K. [> >]
Chiu, P. [> >]
Fine, M. [> >]
2011
Frontiers in Zoology
BioMed Central
8
31
Yes (verified by ORBi)
International
1742-9994
[en] Background
Intermediate forms in the evolution of new adaptations such as transitions from water to land and the evolution of flight are often poorly understood. Similarly, the evolution of superfast sonic muscles in fishes, often considered the fastest muscles in vertebrates, has been a mystery because slow bladder movement does not generate sound. Slow muscles that stretch the swimbladder and then produce sound during recoil have recently been discovered in ophidiiform fishes. Here we describe the disturbance call (produced when fish are held) and sonic mechanism in an unrelated perciform pearl perch (Glaucosomatidae) that represents an intermediate condition in the evolution of super-fast sonic muscles.
Results
The pearl perch disturbance call is a two-part sound produced by a fast sonic muscle that rapidly stretches the bladder and an antagonistic tendon-smooth muscle combination (part 1) causing the tendon and bladder to snap back (part 2) generating a higher-frequency and greater-amplitude pulse. The smooth muscle is confirmed by electron microscopy and protein analysis. To our knowledge smooth muscle attachment to a tendon is unknown in animals.
Conclusion
The pearl perch, an advanced perciform teleost unrelated to ophidiiform fishes, uses a slow type mechanism to produce the major portion of the sound pulse during recoil, but the swimbladder is stretched by a fast muscle. Similarities between the two unrelated lineages, suggest independent and convergent evolution of sonic muscles and indicate intermediate forms in the evolution of superfast muscles.
Researchers ; Students
http://hdl.handle.net/2268/107860
10.1186/1742-9994-8-31
Mok and Parmentier are first co-authors

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